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Farther exhortations to acquire wisdom, 1,2. The character of a loose woman, and the ruinous consequences of attachment to such, 3-14. Exhortations to chastity and moderation, 15-21. The miserable end of the wicked, 22,23.
Notes on Chapter 5
Attend unto my wisdom
Take the following lessons from my own experience.
The lips of a strange woman
One that is not thy own, whether Jewess or heathen.
Drop as a honey-comb
She uses the most deceitful, flattering, and alluring speeches: as the droppings of the honey out of the comb are the sweetest of all.
Bitter as wormwood
Kelanah, like the detestable herb wormwood, or something analogous to it: something as excessive in its bitterness, as honey is in its sweetness.
Her feet go down to death
She first, like a serpent, infuses her poison, by which the whole constitution of her paramour is infected, which soon or late brings on death.
Her steps take hold on hell.
First, the death of the body; and then the damnation of the soul. These are the tendencies of connections with such women.
Lest thou shouldest ponder
To prevent thee from reflecting on thy present conduct, and its consequences, her ways are moveable-she continually varies her allurements.
Thou canst not know them.
It is impossible to conceive all her tricks and wiles: to learn these in all their varieties, is a part of the science first taught in that infernal trade.
Hear me-O ye children
banim, sons, young men in general: for these are the most likely to be deceived and led astray.
Come not nigh the door of her house
Where there are generally such exhibitions as have a natural tendency to excite impure thoughts, and irregular passions.
Lest thou give thine honour
The character of a debauchee is universally detested: by this, even those of noble blood lose their honour and respect.
Thy years unto the cruel
Though all the blandishments of love dwell on the tongue, and the excess of fondness appear in the whole demeanour of the harlot and the prostitute; yet cruelty has its throne in their hearts; and they will rob and murder (when it appears to answer their ends) those who give their strength, their wealth, and their years to them. The unfaithful wife has often murdered her own husband for the sake of her paramour, and has given him over to justice in order to save herself. Murders have often taken place in brothels, as well as robberies; for the vice of prostitution is one of the parents of cruelty.
When thy flesh and thy body are consumed
The word shear, which we render body, signifies properly the remains, residue, or remnant of a thing: and is applied here to denote the breathing carcass, putrid with the concomitant disease of debauchery: a public reproach which the justice of God entails on this species of iniquity. The mourning here spoken of is of the most excessive kind: the word naham is often applied to the growling of a lion, and the hoarse incessant murmuring of the sea. In the line of my duty, I have been often called to attend the death-bed of such persons, where groans and shrieks were incessant through the jaculating pains in their bones and flesh. Whoever has witnessed a closing scene like this will at once perceive with what force and propriety the wise man speaks. And How have I hated instruction, and despised the voice of my teachers! is the unavailing cry in that terrific time. Reader, whosoever thou art, lay these things to heart. Do not enter into their sin: once entered, thy return is nearly hopeless.
I was almost in all evil
This vice, like a whirlpool, sweeps all others into its vortex.
In the midst of the congregation and assembly.
In the mydel of the Curche and of the Synagoge-Old MS. Bible. Such persons, however sacred the place, carry about with them eyes full of adultery, which cannot cease from sin.
Drink waters out of thine own cistern
Be satisfied with thy own wife; and let the wife see that she reverence her husband; and not tempt him by inattention or unkindness to seek elsewhere what he has a right to expect, but cannot find, at home.
Let thy fountains be dispersed abroad
Let thy children lawfully begotten be numerous.
Let them be only thine own
The off-spring of a legitimate connection; a bastard brood, however numerous, is no credit to any man.
Let thy fountain be blessed
yehi mekorecha baruch. Sit vena tua benedicta. Thy vein; that which carries off streams from the fountain of animal life, in order to disperse them abroad, and through the streets. How delicate and correct is the allusion here! But anatomical allusions must not be pressed into detail in a commentary on Scripture.
The loving hind and pleasant roe
By aiyeleth, the deer; by yaalah, the ibex or mountain goat, may be meant.
Let her breasts satisfy thee
As the infant is satisfied with the breasts of its mother; so shouldst thou be with the wife of thy youth.
For the ways of a man
Whether they are public or private, God sees all the steps thou takest in life.
He shall be holden with the cords of his sins.
Most people who follow unlawful pleasures, think they can give them up whenever they please; but sin repeated becomes customary; custom soon engenders habit; and habit in the end assumes the form of necessity; the man becomes bound with his own cords, and so is led captive by the devil at his will.
He shall die without instruction
This is most likely, and it is a general case; but even these may repent and live.
The Adam Clarke Commentary is a derivative of an electronic edition prepared by GodRules.net.