The Adam Clarke CommentaryChapter 14
Hiram sends artificers and materials to David, to build him a house, 1,2. David's wives and children, 3-7. He defeats the Philistines in two battles: one in the valley of Rephaim, 8-12; and the other at Gibeon and Gazer, 13-16. His fame goes out into all the surrounding nations, 17.
Notes on Chapter 14
Now Hiram king of Tyre
See the transactions of this chapter related 2 Samuel 5:11-25.
These are the names of his children
In 2 Samuel 5:14-16, eleven persons only are mentioned in the Hebrew text, but the Septuagint has twenty-four, here there are thirteen, and all the versions have the same number, with certain varieties in the names.-See the notes there.
The Philistines went up to seek David
See on 2 Samuel 5:17.
David inquired of God
"David consulted the WORD of the Lord."-T.
Like the breaking forth of waters
"And David said, The Lord hath broken the enemies of David like to the breaking of a potter's vessel full of water."-T.
A sound of going
"When thou shalt hear the sound of the angels coming to thy assistance, then go out to battle; for an angel is sent from the presence of God, that he may render thy way prosperous."-T.
Into all lands
That is, all the surrounding or neighbouring lands and nations, for no others can possibly be intended.