David smites the Philistines, and takes Gath, 1. Reduces the Moabites, 2. Vanquishes Hadarezer, king of Zobah, 3,4. Overcomes the Syrians of Damascus, and takes several of their cities, 5-8. Tou, king of Hamath, congratulates him on his victory, and sends him vessels of silver, gold, and brass, 9,10. Those and the different spoils he had taken from the conquered nations, he dedicates to God, 11. Abishai defeats the Edomites, 12,13. David reigns over all Israel, 14. His officers, 15-17.
Notes on Chapter 18
David-took Gath and her towns
See the comparison between this chapter and 2 Samuel 8:1, latter.
Were laid under tribute.
Tou king of Hamath
Called Toi in 2 Samuel 8:9.
Abishai-slew of the Edomites
This victory is attributed to David, 2 Samuel 8:13. He sent Abishai against them, and he defeated them: this is with great propriety attributed to David as commander-in-chief; qui facit per alterum, facit per se.
Joab-was over the host
The king's remembrancer, or historiographer royal.
Both high priests; one at Gibeon, and the other at Jerusalem, as we have seen 1 Chronicles 16:39.
Shavsha was scribe
Called Seraiah, 2 Samuel 8:17.
Cherethites and the Pelethites
See Clarke on 2 Samuel 8:18.
The Targum says, "Benaiah was over the great Sanhedrin and the small Sanhedrin, and consulted Urim and Thummim. And at his command the archers and slingers went to battle."
The sons of David
These were the highest in authority.