Statement of Faith | Tell a Friend about Us | Color Scheme:    
Sunday, April 21, 2019

Join Now!  |  Login
  Our Sponsors

• Bible software for Believing Study: SwordSearcher

• Help change the hearts of people one book at a time! Click to find out how!

• Looking for that lost cantata? Let US find it!

• Biblical Hebrew study & learning software: BMSoftware.com

 
  Study Resources

• Interlinear Bible

• Parallel Bible

• Daily Reading Plan

• Devotionals

• Commentaries

• Concordances

• Dictionaries

• Encyclopedias

• Lexicons

• History

• Sermon Essentials

• Audio Resources

• Religious Artwork

 
  SL Forums

• Apologetic Forum

• Christian Living

• Ministry Forum

• Evangelism Forum

• Passage Forum

• Help Forum

 
  Other Resources

• Advertise with SL

• FREE Resources

• Information

• Set Preferences

• Font Resources

• Contacting SL

 

 

The Adam Clarke Commentary

Search This Resource
 
 
 
Navigator
PreviousNext
 Chapter 30
Chapter 32
 
 
 
  Printer friendly version
 
Additional Resources
 
 • Burton Coffman
 • Gill's Exposition
 • Geneva Study Bible
 • Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
 • Matthew Henry Complete
 • Matthew Henry Concise
 • Wesley's Explanatory Notes
 
Chapter 31

Bezaleel appointed for the work of the tabernacle, 1-5. Aholiab appointed for the same, 6. The particular things on which they were to be employed, the ark and mercy-seat, 7. Table, candlestick, and altar of incense, 8. Altar of burnt-offering and the laver, 9. Priest's garments, 10. Anointing oil and sweet incense, 11. God renews the command relative to the sanctification of the Sabbath, 12-17. Delivers to Moses the two tables of stone, 18.

Notes on Chapter 31

Verse 2. I have called by name Bezaleel
That is, I have particularly appointed this person to be the chief superintendent of the whole work. His name is significant, betsal-el, in or under the shadow of God, meaning, under the especial protection of the Most High. He was the son of Uri, the son of Hur, the son of Caleb or Chelubai, the son of Esron, the son of Pharez, the son of Judah. See 1 Chronicles 2:5,9,18-20 and See Clarke on Exodus 17:10.

Verse 3. I have filled him with the spirit of God
See Clarke on Exodus 28:3.

In wisdom
chochmah, from chacham, to be wise, skilful, or prudent, denoting the compass of mind and strength of capacity necessary to form a wise man: hence our word wisdom, the power of judging what is wise or best to be done; from the Saxon, {Anglo-Saxon}, to teach, to advise, and {Anglo-Saxon}, to judge; hence {Anglo-Saxon}, the doom or judgment of the well taught, wise, or prudent man.

Understanding
tebunah, from ban or bun, to separate, distinguish, discern; capacity to comprehend the different parts of a work, how to connect, arrange, to make a complete whole.

Knowledge
daath, denoting particular acquaintance with a person or thing; practical, experimental knowledge.

Verse 4. Cunning works
machashaboth, works of invention or genius, in the goldsmith and silversmith line.

Verse 5. In cutting of stones,
Every thing that concerned the lapidary's, jeweller's, and carver's art.

Verse 6. In the hearts of all that are wisehearted I have put wisdom
So every man that had a natural genius, as we term it, had an increase of wisdom by immediate inspiration from God, so that he knew how to execute the different works which Divine wisdom designed for the tabernacle and its furniture. Dark as were the heathens, yet they acknowledged that all talents, and the seeds of all arts, came from God. Hence Seneca: Insita nobis omnium artium semina, magisterque ex occulto Deus producit ingenia.

In the same way Homer attributes such curious arts to Minerva, the goddess of wisdom, and Vulcan, the god of handicrafts. ωςδοτετιςχρυσονπεριχευεταιαργυρωανηρ ιδριςονηφαιστοςδεδαενκαιπαλλαςαθηνη τεχνηνπαντοιηνχαριενταδεεργατελειει. Odyss., l. vi., ver. 232.

As by some artist, to whom VULCAN gives His skill divine, a breathing statue lives; By PALLAS taught, he frames the wondrous mould, And o'er the silver pours the fusile gold. -POPE.

And all this the wisest of men long before them declared; when speaking of the wisdom of God he says, I, Wisdom, dwell with Prudence, and find out knowledge of witty inventions; Proverbs 8:12. See Clarke on Exodus 28:3. to which the reader is particularly desired to refer. There is something remarkable in the name of this second superintendent, Aholiab, the tabernacle of the father, or, the father is my tabernacle; a name nearly similar in its meaning to that of Bezaleel, See Clarke on Exodus 31:2.

Verse 8. The pure candlestick
Called so either because of the pure gold of which it was made, or the brightness and splendour of its workmanship, or of the light which it imparted in the tabernacle, as the purest, finest oil was always burnt in it.

Verse 9. The altar of burnt-offering
See Clarke on Exodus 27:1.

The laver and his foot
The pedestal on which it stood.

Verse 10. Clothes of service
Vestments for the ordinary work of their ministry; the holy garments-those which were peculiar to the high priest.

Verse 11. The anointing oil
See Clarke on Exodus 30:23.

Sweet incense
See Clarke on Exodus 30:23.; and "Ex 30:24".

Verse 13. My Sabbaths ye shall keep
See Clarke on Genesis 2:3.; and "Ex 20:8".

Verse 14. Every one that defileth it
By any kind of idolatrous or profane worship.

Shall surely be put to death
The magistrates shall examine into the business, and if the accused be found guilty, he shall be stoned to death.

Shall be cut off
Because that person who could so far contemn the Sabbath, which was a sign to them of the rest which remained for the people of God, was of course an infidel, and should be cut off from all the privileges and expectations of an Israelite.

Verse 16. A perpetual covenant.
Because it is a sign of this future rest and blessedness, therefore the religious observance of it must be perpetually kept up. The type must continue in force till the antitype come.

Verse 17. Rested, and was refreshed.
God, in condescension to human weakness, applies to himself here what belongs to man. If a man religiously rests on the Sabbath, both his body and soul shall be refreshed; he shall acquire new light and life.

Verse 18. When he had made an end of communing
When the forty days and forty nights were ended.

Two tables of testimony
See Clarke on Exodus 34:1.

Tables of stone
That the record might be lasting, because it was a testimony that referred to future generations, and therefore the materials should be durable.

Written with the finger of God.
All the letters cut by God himself. Dr. Winder, in his History of Knowledge, thinks it probable that this was the first writing in alphabetical characters ever exhibited to the world, though there might have been marks or hieroglyphics cut on wood, stone, time; see Exodus 17:14. That these tables were written, not by the commandment but by the power of God himself, the following passages seem to prove: "And the Lord said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mountain, and be thou there; and I will give thee tables of stone WHICH I HAVE WRITTEN, that thou mayest teach them;" Exodus 24:12. "And he gave unto Moses, upon Mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, WRITTEN WITH THE FINGER OF GOD;" Exodus 31:18. "And Moses went down from the mount, and the two tables of testimony were in his hand; the tables were Written on both their sides. And the tables were THE WORK OF GOD, and the WRITING WAS THE WRITING OF GOD, graven upon the tables;" Exodus 32:15,16. "These words {the ten commandments} the Lord spake in the mount, out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice; and he added no more, BUT HE WROTE THEM on two tables of stone;" Deuteronomy 5:22. It is evident therefore that this writing was properly and literally the writing of God himself. God wrote now on tables of stone what he had originally written on the heart of man, and in mercy he placed that before his eyes which by sin had been obliterated from his soul; and by this he shows us what, by the Spirit of Christ, must be rewritten in the mind, 2 Corinthians 3:3; and this is according to the covenant which God long before promised to make with mankind, Jeremiah 31:33. See also what is said on this subject, Clarke's note, "Ex 20:1", and See Clarke on Exodus 34:1.; and "Ex 17:14".

"No time," says Dr. A. Bayley, "seems so proper from whence to date the introduction of letters among the Hebrews as this, for after this period we find continual mention of letters, reading, and writing, in the now proper sense of those words. See Deuteronomy 27:8;; 31:9. Moses, it is said, επαιδευθη, was educated in all the wisdom of the Egyptians-in all the learning they possessed; but it is manifest that he had not learned of them any method of writing, otherwise there had been no want of God's act and assistance in writing the two tables of the law, no need of a miraculous writing. Had Moses known this art, the Lord might have said to him, as he does often afterwards, Write thou these words; Exodus 34:27. Write on the stones the words of this law; Deuteronomy 27:3. Write you this song for you; Deuteronomy 31:19. Perhaps it may be said, God's writing the law gave it a sanction. True; but why might it not also teach the first use of letters, unless it can be proved that they were in use prior to this transaction? It might be thought too much to assert that letters no more than language were a natural discovery; that it was impossible for man to have invented writing, and that he did not invent it: yet this may appear really the case from the following reflections:-1. Reason may show us how near to an impossibility it was that a just and proper number of convenient characters for the sounds in language should naturally be hit upon by any man, for whom it was easy to imitate and vary, but not to invent. 2. From evidence of the Mosaic history, it appears that the introduction of writing among the Hebrews was not from man, but GOD. 3. There are no evident vestiges of letters subsisting among other nations till after the delivery of the law at Mount Sinai; nor then, among some, till very late."


Copyright Statement
The Adam Clarke Commentary is a derivative of an electronic edition prepared by GodRules.net.

Bibliography Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Exodus 31". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/acc/view.cgi?book=ex&chapter=031>. 1832.  

  HOME    TOP

Dead links, typos, or HTML errors should be sent to corr@studylight.org
Suggestions about making this resource more useful should be sent to sugg@studylight.org
 

   Powered by LightSpeed Technology

Copyright © 2001-2019, StudyLight.org