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Barnes' Notes on the New Testament

MARK CHAPTER 6

Verses 1-6. See this passage explained See Barnes "Matthew 13:54" and Matthew 13:55-58.

Verse 2. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{t} "And when the sabbath" \\@Mt 13:54 Lu 4:16\\

Verse 3. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{v} "brother of James" John 6:42
{w} "were offended" Matthew 11:6

Verse 4. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{x} "unto them" Matthew 13:57; John 4:44

Verse 5. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{y} "And he could there" Genesis 19:22; Mark 9:23

Verse 6. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{z} "And he marvelled" Isaiah 59:16; Jeremiah 2:11
{a} "And he went" Matthew 9:35; Luke 13:22; Acts 10:38

Verse 7. By two and two. In order that they might support and encourage each other in their work. Amidst the trials and opposition which they would meet with, mutual counsel and aid would greatly lighten their burdens, and alleviate their calamities. Mutual counsel might also contribute to their success, and lead to united plans to advance the kingdom of the Redeemer. Jesus here, as in all the work of religion, consulted at the same time the happiness and usefulness of his disciples. Nor are they ever separated. Whatever contributes to the usefulness of the people, produces also their happiness; or, in other words, the secret of being happy, is to be useful.

{b} "And he called unto him" Matthew 10:1; Mark 3:13; Luke 9:1; 10:3

Verses 8-11. See Barnes "Matthew 10:9" and Matthew 10:10-15. In Matthew 10:5, they were commanded not to go among the Gentiles or Samaritans. Mark omits that direction, perhaps, because he was writing for the Gentiles, and the direction might create unnecessary difficulty or offence. Perhaps he omits it also because the command was given for a temporary purpose, and was not in force at tile time of his writing.

{1} "no money" or, "The word signifies a piece of brass money, in value
somewhat less than a farthing" Luke 9:3.

Verse 9. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{c} "shod" Ephesians 6:15
{d} "sandals" Acts 12:8

Verse 10. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 11. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{e} "shake" Nehemiah 5:15; Acts 13:51
{2} "Sodom and Gomorrha" "or"

Verse 12. Preached that men should repent. See the nature of repentance explained in Matthew 3:2. They were now called upon to repent, and reform their lives, because sin was evil; because the Messiah had come to preach forgiveness to the penitent; and because at his presence it was fit that the nation should turn from its sins, and prepare to receive him.

{f} "repent" Luke 24:47; Acts 2:28; 3:19

Verse 13. Cast out many devils. See Barnes "Matthew 4:24".

And anointed with oil, etc. Anointing with oil was in common use among the Jews in cases of sickness. It was supposed to have a mild, soothing, and alleviating effect on the body. In James 5:14, the elders of the church, in connexion with prayers, were directed also to anoint the sick with oil. It was also used in wounds. The good Samaritan poured in oil and wine into the wounds of the waylaid Jew, Luke 10:34. Josephus says, that in the last sickness of Herod, his physicians commanded him to be anointed with oil. It need not be supposed, however, that the apostles used oil for mere medical purposes. It was used, probably, like the imposition of hands, or like our Saviour's anointing the eyes of the blind with clay, merely as a sign, in expectation of imparting that aid and comfort from God which was sought, and which was represented by the natural, soothing, and gentle effect of oil.

{g} "many devils" Luke 10:17
{h} "oil" James 5:14

Verses 14-20. See this account of the death of John the Baptist fully explained in Matthew 14:1-12.

{g} "King Herod" Matthew 14:1; Luke 9:7

Verse 15. No Barnes text on this verse.

{h} "said" Matthew 16:14; Mark 8:28

Verse 16. No Barnes text on this verse.

Verse 17. No Barnes text on this verse.

Verse 18. No Barnes text on this verse.

{i} "lawful" Leviticus 18:16

Verse 19. No Barnes text on this verse.

{1} "had a quarrel" or, "an inward grudge"

Verse 20. He did many things. But he did not do the thing which was demanded of him--to break off from his sins. He attempted to make a compromise with his conscience. He still loved his sins, and did other things which he supposed might be accepted, in the place of putting away, as he ought, the wife of his brother--the polluted and adulterous woman with whom he lived. Perhaps he treated John kindly, or spoke well of him, or aided him in his wants; and attempted in this way to silence his rebukes, and destroy his faithfulness. This was probably before John was imprisoned. So sinners often treat ministers kindly, and do much to make them comfortable, and hear them gladly, while they are still unwilling to do the thing which is demanded of them, to repent and believe the gospel. They expect that their kind attentions will be accepted in the place of what God demands--repentance and the forsaking of their sins.

{k} "feared" Exodus 11:3; Ezekiel 2:5-7
{2} "observed him" or, "kept him", or "saved him"

Verse 21. No Barnes text on this verse.

{l} "???" Genesis 40:20

Verse 22. No Barnes text on this verse.

{m} "and danced" Isaiah 3:16

Verse 23. No Barnes text on this verse.

{n} "Whatsoever" Esther 5:3,6; 7:2

Verse 24. No Barnes text on this verse.

Verse 25. No Barnes text on this verse.

{o} "head of John" Psalms 37:12,14

Verse 26. No Barnes text on this verse.

Verse 27. No Barnes text on this verse.

{3} "executioner" or, "one of his guard"

Verse 28. No Barnes text on this verse.

Verse 29. No Barnes text on this verse.

{p} "they came" Acts 8:2

Verse 30. And the apostles gathered themselves together. That is, those whom he had sent out two and two, Mark 6:7. Having travelled around the country, they returned and met the Saviour at Capernaum.

{q} "And the apostles" Luke 9:10

Verse 31. A desert place. A retired place, across the sea from Capernaum, where they would he free from interruption.

Coming and going. Coming to be healed and retiring, or coming to hear him preach. It means that they were thronged, that there was a vast multitude attending his preaching.

Verses 32-44. See Barnes "Matthew 14:13" and Matthew 14:14-21

Verse 32. By ship. By a boat, a small vessel.

Privately. Without making their plan known. They intended to go privately. It appears, however, that their intention became known, and multitudes followed them.

Verse 33. Afoot thither. On foot to the place where they saw them going.

Out of all cities. All cities or large towns in the neighbourhood.

Verse 34. Much people--as sheep, etc. They had no one to teach them, and guide them. The priests and scribes were proud, corrupt, and despised the common people and neglected them.

{r} "because they were" 1 Kings 22:17

Verse 35. The time is far passed. The day is almost gone. It is drawing near night.

{s} "And when the day" Matthew 14:15; Luke 9:12; John 6:5

Verse 36. No Barnes text on this verse.

Verse 37. Two hundred pennyworth of bread. About 27 dollars, [or 6 sterling.] As the disciples had a common purse in which they carried their little property, consisting of the donations of their friends, and money to be given to the poor, (compare John 12:6; Matthew 26:8,9;; Luke 8:30 it is not improbable that they had, at this time, about this sum in their possession. Philip--for it was he who asked the question, (John 6:7)--asked, with a mixture of wonder and agitation, whether they should take all their little property, and spend it on a single meal? And even if we should, said he, it would not be sufficient to satisfy such a multitude. It was implied in this, that in his view they could not provide for them if they wished to, and that it would be better to send them away than to attempt it.

{t} "Shall we go" Numbers 11:13,22; 2 Kings 4:43
{1} "two hundred" See Barnes "Matthew 18:28"

Verse 38. No Barnes text on this verse.

Verse 39. No Barnes text on this verse.

{u} "commanded" Matthew 15:35; Mark 8:6

Verse 40. In ranks. Literally, in the form of square beds in a garden. By square, regularly formed companies.

By hundreds, and by fifties. Some companies had a hundred in, and some fifty. We need not suppose that these were exactly formed, or arranged; but that this was about the number. The expression indicates a multitude. There were so many, that they sat down, by hundreds and by fifties, in separate companies, on the green grass.

Verse 41. No Barnes text on this verse.

{v} "and blessed" 1 Samuel 9:13; Matthew 26:26; Luke 24:30

Verse 42. No Barnes text on this verse.

{w} "And they did" Deuteronomy 8:3

Verse 43. Twelve baskets. Baskets belonging to the disciples, in which they carried their provisions, or, perhaps, belonging to some of the multitude.

Fragments. Broken pieces of the bread that remained.

Verse 44. No Barnes text on this verse.

Verses 45-56. See Barnes "Matthew 14:22" and Matthew 23:1-26:75

{x} "And straightway" Matthew 14:22; John 6:17
{2} "before unto Bethsaida" or, "over against Bethsaida"

Verse 46. No Barnes text on this verse.

{y} "he departed" Matthew 6:6; Mark 1:35; Luke 6:12

Verse 47. No Barnes text on this verse.

Verse 48. No Barnes text on this verse.

{z} "toiling in rowing" Jonah 1:13
{a} "have passed" Luke 24:28

Verse 49. No Barnes text on this verse.

{b} "they saw him" Job 9:8
{c} "they supposed it" Luke 24:37

Verse 50. No Barnes text on this verse.

{d} "Be of good cheer" Isaiah 43:2

Verse 51. No Barnes text on this verse.

{e} "and the wind" Psalms 93:3,4

Verse 52. They considered not the miracle of the loaves. They did not remember or call to mind the power which Jesus had shown in feeding the five thousand by a miracle, and that, having done that, he had power also to save them from the storm.

Their heart was hardened. Their mind was dull to perceive it. This does not mean that they were opposed to Jesus, or that they had what we denominate hardness of heart, but simply, that they were slow to perceive his power; they did not quickly learn, as they ought to have done, that he had all power, and could therefore allay the storm. The word heart is frequently used in this sense. See Ephesians 1:18, in Greek; Romans 1:21; 2:15; 2 Corinthians 4:6.

{f} "hardened" Isaiah 43:17

Verse 53. No Barnes text on this verse.

{g} "And when" Matthew 14:34

Verse 54. they knew him. They recollected him, for he had been there before, and worked miracles.

Verse 55. No Barnes text on this verse.

{h} "And ran" Matthew 4:24; Mark 2:1-3

Verse 56. The border of his garment. See Barnes "Matthew 9:20".

{i} "touch" Matthew 9:20; Mark 5:27,28; Acts 19:12
{k} "border" Numbers 15:38,39
{1} "touched him" or, "it"

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Mark 6". "Barnes' Notes on the New Testament". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/bnn/view.cgi?book=mr&chapter=006>.