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Home > Commentaries > Barnes' Notes > Mark > Chapter 14

Barnes' Notes on the New Testament

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MARK CHAPTER 14

Verses 1-11. See this passage explained in Matthew 26:1-16

Verse 1. And of unleavened bread. So called because that at that feast no other bread was used but that which had been made without leaven or yeast.

By craft. By subtilty, (Matt.;) that is, by some secret plan that would secure possession of him without exciting the opposition of the people.

Verse 2. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 3. Ointment. This word does not convey quite the proper meaning. This was a perfume: it was used only to give a pleasant odour, and was liquid.

Of spikenard. The nard, from which this perfume was made, is a plant of the East Indies, with a small slender stalk, and a heavy, thick root. The best perfume is obtained from the root, though the stalk and fruit are used for that purpose.

And she brake the box. This may mean no more than that she broke the seal of the box. so that it could be poured out. Boxes of perfumes are often sealed, or made fast with wax, to prevent the perfume from escaping. It was not likely that she would break the box itself when it was unnecessary; and when the unguent, being liquid, would have been wasted, when it was very precious. Nor from a broken box or phial, could she easily have poured it on his head.

Verse 4. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 5. Three hundred pence. About 41 dollars 40 cents.

{1} "three hundred pence" Matthew 18:28

Verse 6. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 7. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{y} "For ye" Deuteronomy 15:11

Verse 8. She hath done what she could. She has showed the highest attachment in her power; and it was, as it is now, a sufficient argument against there being any real waste, that it was done for the honour of Christ.

Verse 9. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 10. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{z} "Judas Iscariot" Matthew 16:14; Luke 22:3
{a} "betray him" John 13:2

Verse 11. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{b} "him money" 1 Kings 21:20; Proverbs 1:10-16

Verses 12-16. See Matthew 16:17-19

Verses 12,13. They killed the passover. The paschal lamb, which was slain in keeping the passover.

Go and prepare. Go and prepare a lamb, have it roasted, and properly prepared with the usual things to eat with it.

The city. The city of Jerusalem. They were now in Bethany, about two miles from the city.

A man bearing a pitcher of water. This could have been known only by the infinite knowledge of Christ. Such a thing could not have been conjectured, nor was there any concert between him and the man, that at that time he should be in a particular place to meet them, for the disciples themselves proposed the inquiry. If Jesus knew a circumstance like that, then he, in the same way, must have known all things. Then he sees all the actions of man; hears every word, and marks every thought. Then the righteous are under his care; and the wicked, much as they may wish to be unseen, cannot escape the notice of his eye.

{d} "unleavened bread" Exodus 12:8
{1} "killed" or "sacrificed"

Verse 13. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{e} "Go ye" Mark 11:2,3,3; Hebrews 4:13.

Verse 14. The goodman of the house. This signifies simply the master of the house. The original word expresses nothing respecting his character, whether it was good or bad.

The guestchamber. A chamber for guests or friends--an unoccupied room.

{f} "Master saith" John 11:28; 13:13
{g} "shall eat" Revelation 3:20

Verse 15. A large upper room. The word used here denotes the upper room devoted to purposes of prayer, repose, and often of eating. See Barnes "Matthew 9:2".

Furnished and prepared. Literally, spread and ready. Spread with a carpet, or with couches, such as were used in eating. See Barnes "Matthew 23:6".

Verse 16. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{h} "found as" John 16:4

Verses 17-31. See Barnes "Matthew 26:20" and Matthew 26:21-35.

Verse 18. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 19. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 20. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 21. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{k} "good were it" Matthew 18:6,7

Verse 22. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{l} "as they did eat" Matthew 26:26; Luke 22:19; 1 Corinthians 11:23
{m} "Take, eat" John 6:48-58

Verse 23. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 24. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{n} "This is my blood" 1 Corinthians 10:16; John 6:53

Verse 25. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{o} "it new" Joel 3:18; Amos 9:13,14

Verse 26. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{2} "hymn" or "psalm"

Verse 27. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{p} "it is written" Zechariah 13:7

Verse 28. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{q} "But after that I am" Mark 16:7

Verse 29. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{r} "But Peter" Matthew 26:33,34; Luke 22:33,34; John 13:37,38

Verse 30. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 31. More vehemently. More earnestly, more confidently.

Verses 32-42. See Barnes "Matthew 26:36-46"

{s} "And they came" Matthew 26:36; Luke 22:39; John 18:1

Verse 33. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 34. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{t} "soul is" John 12:27

Verse 35. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{u} "prayed" Hebrews 5:7

Verse 36. Abba. This word denotes father. It is a Syriac word, and is used by our Saviour as a word denoting filial affection and tenderness. See Romans 8:15.

{v} "Said, Abba" Romans 8:15; Galatians 4:6
{w} "nevertheless, not" Psalms 40:8; John 4:34; 5:30; 6:38,39; 18:11; Philippians 2:8.

Verse 37. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 38. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{x} "spirit truly" Romans 7:18-25; Galatians 5:17

Verse 39. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 40. Neither wist they, etc. Neither knew they. They were so conscious of the impropriety of sleeping at that time, that they could not find any answer to give to the inquiry why they had done it.

Verse 41. It is enough. There has been much difficulty in determining the meaning of this phrase. Campbell translates it, "All is over;" i.e., the time when you could have been of service to me is gone by. They might have aided him by watching for him, when they were sleeping; but now the time was past, and he was already, as it were, in the hands of his enemies. It is not improbable, however, that after his agony some time elapsed before Judas came. He had required them to watch, i. e., to keep awake, during that season of agony. After that, they might have been suffered to sleep, while Jesus watched alone. As he saw Judas approach, he probably roused them, saying, It is sufficient--as much repose has been taken as is allowable--the enemy is near, and the Son of man is about to be betrayed.

{y} "hour is come" John 7:30; 8:20; 13:1

Verse 42. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verses 43-52. See Barnes "Matthew 26:47", Matthew 26:48-56".

{z} "immediately" Matthew 26:47; Luke 22:47; John 18:3
{a} "multitude with" Psalms 2:2

Verse 44. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{c} "kiss" 2 Samuel 20:9; Psalms 55:21; Proverbs 27:6

Verse 45. Master, master. As if expressing great joy that he had found him again.

{d} "Master" Psalms 22:1; Isaiah 53:1-12; Luke 24:44

Verse 46. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 47. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 48. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 49. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{e} "Scriptures" Psalms 22:1;; Isaiah 53:1-12;; Luke 24:44

Verse 50. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{f} "And they all" Mark 14:27; Psalms 88:8; Isaiah 63:3

Verse 51. A certain young man. Who this was, we have no means of determining. That he was not one of the apostles is dear. It is probable that he was of one of the neighbouring villages or houses, and was roused from sleep by the noise made by the rabble, and came to see what was doing; nor is it known why this circumstance is recorded by Mark. It is omitted by all the other evangelists. It may have been recorded to show that the conspirators had instructions to take the apostles as well as Jesus; and supposing him to be one of them, they laid hold of him to take him before the high priest.

A linen cloth cast about his naked body. He was roused from sleep, and probably threw around him what was most convenient. They slept in linen bedclothes commonly, and he seized a part of the clothes, and hastily threw it round him.

The young men. The Roman soldiers, They were called young men because they were made up chiefly of youth originally. This was a Jewish mode of speaking. See Genesis 14:24; 2 Samuel 2:14; Isaiah 13:18.

Laid hold on him. Supposing him to be one of the apostles.

Verse 52. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{g} "left the linen" Mark 13:16

Verse 53. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{h} "And they led" Matthew 26:57; Luke 22:54; John 18:13

Verse 54. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 55. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 56. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{i} "For many bare" Psalms 35:11

Verse 57. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 58. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{k} "I will" Mark 15:29; John 2:19

Verse 59. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 60. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{l} "against thee" Matthew 26:62

Verse 61. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{m} "But he held" Psalms 39:9; Isaiah 53:7; 1 Peter 2:23

Verse 62. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{n} "and ye shall" Daniel 7:13; Matthew 24:30; 26:64; Luke 22:69; Mark 15:19

Verse 63. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{o} "rent his" ; Isaiah 58:1

Verse 64. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 65. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{p} "spit on him" Isaiah 1:6; Mark 15:19

Verse 66. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{q} "And as Peter" Matthew 26:69; Luke 22:55; John 18:16

Verse 67. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 68. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{r} "denied, saying" 2 Timothy 2:12,13

Verse 69. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 70. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

{s} "Galilean" Acts 2:7

Verse 71. No notes from Barnes on this verse.

Verse 72. No notes from Barnes on this verse.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Mark 14". "Barnes' Notes on the New Testament". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/bnn/view.cgi?book=mr&chapter=014>.  

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