The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible1 Corinthians 14:34
Let your women keep silence in the churches…
This is a
restriction of, and an exception to one of the above rules, that all
might prophesy; in which he would be understood of men only, and not
of women; and is directed against a practice which seems to have
prevailed in this church at Corinth, allowing women to preach and
teach in it; and this being a disorderly practice, and what was not
used in other churches, the apostle forbids and condemns, and not
for it is not permitted unto them to speak;
that is, in public
assemblies, in the church of God, they might not speak with tongues,
nor prophesy, or preach, or teach the word. All speaking is not
prohibited; they might speak their experiences to the church, or
give an account of the work of God upon their souls; they might
speak to one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs; or speak
as an evidence in any case at a church meeting; but not in such
sort, as carried in it direction, instruction, government, and
authority. It was not allowed by God that they should speak in any
authoritative manner in the church; nor was it suffered in the
churches of Christ; nor was it admitted of in the Jewish synagogue;
there, we are told F2, the men came to teach, and the women (ewmvl) ,
"to hear": and one of their canons runs thus F3;
``a woman may not read (that is, in the law), (rwbub) , "in the
congregation", or church, because of the honour of the
for they thought it a dishonourable thing to a public assembly for a
woman to read, though they even allowed a child to do it that was
capable of it.
But they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law.
In (Genesis 3:16) , "thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule
over thee". By this the apostle would signify, that the reason why
women are not to speak in the church, or to preach and teach
publicly, or be concerned in the ministerial function, is, because
this is an act of power, and authority; of rule and government, and
so contrary to that subjection which God in his law requires of
women unto men. The extraordinary instances of Deborah, Huldah, and
Anna, must not be drawn into a rule or example in such cases.
F2 T. Hieros Chagiga, fol. 75. 4. & T. Bab. Chagiga, fol. 3. 1.
F3 Maimon. Hilch. Tephilla, c. 12. sect. 17. T. Bab. Megilla, fol. 23. 1.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 14:34". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=1co&chapter=014&verse=034>. 1999.