The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible1 Corinthians 9:9
For it is written in the law of Moses…
Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the
The manner of threshing, or beating out the corn among the
Jews, was not the same with ours; it was not done by the flail, at
least not always, but by the means of oxen; and by these not only
treading upon it to and fro, but drawing a wooden instrument after
them, the bottom of which was stuck with iron teeth, and the top of
it filled with stones, to press it down close by the weight thereof;
the sheaves put in proper form, the oxen were led to and fro upon
them, drawing this threshing instrument after them, by which means
the grain was separated from the husk and ear F7; see (Isaiah 41:15)
The learned Beckius F8 has given us a figure of this instrument,
and the manner of using it: now according to this law, whilst the ox
was thus employed, its mouth was not to be muzzled, but it might freely
eat of the corn it trod upon, excepting, the Jews say F9, what was
dedicated to sacred uses. They give many rules relating to this law,
and particularly observe, that it is to be extended to all sorts of
creatures, as well as the ox, and to all sorts of business F11; and
that what is said of the ox, is much more to be observed with respect
to men F12; and which agrees with the apostle's reasoning here:
doth God take care for oxen?
yes, he does, and for creatures of less
importance than they, even the fowls of the air, and the most
worthless of them, sparrows, two of which are sold for a farthing;
but not for them only, nor principally, but chiefly for men.
F7 Ben Melec. in 2 Sam. xii. 31. & Jarchi in Isa. xli. 1, 5.
F8 Not. in Targum in 1 Chron. xx. 3. p. 210. Vid. Surenhusii Biblos
Kattallages, p. 535.
F9 Maimon. & Bartenora in Misn. Meilah, c. sect. 6. & Trumot, c. 9.
F11 Jarchi in loc. Maimon. Hilch. Shecirot, c. 13. sect. 1, 2, 3. Moses
Kotsensis Mitzot Tora, pr. neg. 184. & affirm. 91.
F12 T. Bab. Bava Metzia, fol. 88. 2.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 9:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=1co&chapter=009&verse=009>. 1999.