The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible1 Kings 7:26
And it was an hand breadth thick…
Or four fingers, as in
and the brim thereof was wrought like the brim of a cup,
with flowers of lilies,
embroidered and engraven on it for
it contained 2,000 baths;
which is reckoned about five hundred
barrels of water; it was filled by the Gibeonites; in (2 Chronicles 4:5) ,
it is said to receive and hold 3,000 baths, which the Jewish writers F19
thus reconcile; they suppose here it means so many baths of liquid, as the
Targum expresses, there of dry measure, which might be heaped up, and
so contain more; but as this was a vessel for water, and this
distinction seems to answer no purpose, it may be better to observe,
that in common, for the use of the priests, whether for washing their
hands and feet, or dipping their bodies, it had no more than 2,000
baths in it, but, if filled up to the brim, it would hold 3,000. How a
vessel of such dimensions should hold so much is difficult to account
for; the Rabbins say F20, that in the two upper cubits of it it was
circular, and in the three lower cubits square, by which they imagine
it would hold more, and the position of it on the oxen seems to
countenance this; but very probably it was wider, and bellied out in
the lower part of it, and so more capacious; but of the contents of
this, according to mathematical rules, see a treatise of Bishop
Cumberland's F21. It is said F23 of a temple of Neptune's, in the fore
part of it were two signs of him, and another of Amphitrite, and that
was a brasen sea. This brasen sea of Solomon was typical of Christ, the
fountain opened to wash in for uncleanness, by all that are made
priests unto God; and this being larger than the laver in the
tabernacle, may denote the greater efficacy of Christ's blood than in
anything in the law of Moses to cleanse from sin; and the larger
provision made for it, not only for Israel, but for all the people of
God in the several nations of the world, in the four quarters of it;
being published, and proclaimed, and directed to by the twelve apostles
of Christ, and by all Gospel ministers since, signified by oxen for
their laboriousness and strength. In the second temple there were no
sea, nor bases, after mentioned, nor lavers, but one, which stood
between the porch and the altar, which was for the priests to wash
their hands and feet at F24.
F19 Shilte Hagibborim, c. 27. fol. 23. 4.
F20 T. Bab. Eruvin, fol. 14. 2.
F21 Of Scripture Weights and Measures, c. 3. p. 93…
F23 Pausaniae Corinthiaca, sive, l. 2. p. 87.
F24 Shilte Hagibborim, c. 27. fol. 24. 2.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 7:26". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=1ki&chapter=007&verse=026>. 1999.