The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible1 Samuel 12:15
But if ye will not obey the voice of the Lord, but rebel
against the commandment of the Lord…
They and their king, by
sinning, disregarding his precepts, both affirmative and negative:
then shall the hand of the Lord be against you;
by sending some
judgments upon them, as famine, sword, or pestilence, particularly
captivity and subjection to their enemies:
as it was against your fathers;
who had no king; and it is suggested
that their case, who had one, would be no better than theirs; their
king would not be able to save them from the hand of God: the words in
the original are, "and against your fathers" F13; which is interpreted
in the Talmud F14 of their fathers dead, and in their graves, and of
their enemies digging them up, and taking them out in contempt; but
much better, by Kimchi, of their kings, who are, or should be, fathers
of their subjects, as Augustus Caesar was called the father of his; and
so the Septuagint version renders it, "and upon their king"; signifying
that both they and their king should feel the weight of the hand of the
Lord, if they rebelled against him.
F13 (Mkytbabw) "et contra patres vestros", Pagninus, Tigurine version.
F14 T. Bab. Yebamot, fol. 63. 2.