The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleActs 3:1
Now Peter and John went up together into the temple…
These two disciples were intimate companions, and great lovers of
each other; they were often together: they are thought, by some, to
have been together in the high priest's palace at the trial of
Christ; and they ran together to his sepulchre, (John 18:15,16) (20:2-4)
and they now went together to the temple, not to attend the daily
sacrifice, which was now abolished by the sacrifice of Christ, but to
attend to the duty of prayer, which was still in force, and that they
might have an opportunity of preaching Christ, where there was a
number of people together:
at the hour of prayer; being the ninth hour,
or three o'clock in the
afternoon. This was one of their hours of prayer; it was customary
with the Jews to pray three times a day, (Daniel 6:10) which, according
to the Psalmist in (Psalms 55:17) were evening, morning, and at noon; to
which seems to answer the three times that are taken notice of by
Luke in this history: that in the morning was at the third hour, as
in (Acts 2:15) or nine o'clock in the morning; that at noon was at the
sixth hour, as in (Acts 10:9) or twelve o'clock at noon; and that in
the evening at the ninth hour, as here, or three o'clock in the
afternoon. Not that these were times of divine appointment. The Jews
F15 themselves say,
``there is no number of prayers from the law, and there is
no repetition of this or that prayer from the law, and
there is no (ewbq Nmz) , "fixed time" for prayer from the law.''
But according to the traditions of the elders,
``the morning prayer was to the end of the fourth hour,
which is the third part of the day--the prayer of the
"Minchah", (or evening prayer,) they fixed the time of it
to answer to the evening daily sacrifice; and because the
daily sacrifice was offered up every day from the ninth
hour and a half, they ordered the time of it to be from
the ninth hour and a half, and it is called the lesser
"Minchah"; and because in the evening of the passover,
which falls upon the evening of the sabbath, they slay the
daily sacrifice at the sixth hour and a half, they say,
that he that prays after the sixth hour and a half is
excused; and after this time is come, the time to which he
is obliged is come, and this is called the great
"Minchah"---lo, you learn, that the time of the great
"Minchah" is from the sixth hour and a half, to the ninth
hour and a half; and the time of the lesser "Minchah" is
from the ninth hour and a half, until there remains of the
day an hour and a quarter; and it is lawful to pray it
until the sun sets.''
So that it was at the time of the lesser "Minchah" that Peter and
John went up to the temple; which seems to be not on the same day of
Pentecost, but on some day, or days after; it may be the sabbath
following, when there was a great number of people got together.
F15 Maimon. Hilch. Tephilla, c. 1. sect. 1. Ib. c. 3. sect. 1, 2, 4.
Vid. T. Bab. Beracot, fol. 26. 2.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Acts 3:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=ac&chapter=003&verse=001>. 1999.