The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleActs 3:19
Repent ye therefore…
The Ethiopic version adds, "and
be baptized", (See Gill on 2:38),
and be converted.
The apostle's sense is, repent of the sin of
crucifying Christ, which is what he had been charging them with, and
turn unto him, and acknowledge him as the Messiah; receive his
doctrines, and submit to his ordinances; externally reform in life
and conversation, and bring forth fruits meet for repentance, such
as will show it to be true and genuine:
that your sins may be blotted out;
or forgiven, see (Psalms 51:9)
(Isaiah 43:25) (44:22) . Not that repentance and reformation procure the
pardon of sin, or are the causes of it, for forgiveness is entirely owing
to the free grace of God, and blood of Christ; but inasmuch as that
is only manifested and applied to repenting and converted sinners;
and who are encouraged to repent, and turn to the Lord from the
promise of pardon; it is incumbent on them, and is their interest so
to do, that they may have a discovery of the remission of their sins
by the blood of Christ. Though no other repentance and conversion
may be here meant than an external one; and the blotting out of sin,
and forgiveness of it, may intend no other than the removing a
present calamity, or the averting a threatened judgment, or the
deliverance of persons from national ruin, (Exodus 32:32) (1 Kings 8:34-39) .
These Jews had crucified the Lord of glory, and for this sin were
threatened with miserable destruction; the apostle therefore
exhorteth them to repentance for it, and to a conversion to the
Messiah, that so when ruin should come upon their nation, they might
be delivered from the general calamity; when it would be terrible
times to the unbelieving and impenitent Jews, but times of
refreshment, ease, peace, and rest from persecution, to the
believers, as is next expressed.
When the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the
or "that the times of refreshing may come", as the Syriac
version; either seasons of spiritual refreshment, joy, and peace,
through the great and precious promises of the Gospel, and by the
application of the blood and righteousness of Christ, to such
penitent and converted sinners; which refreshment and comfort come
from the Lord, and are accompanied with his gracious presence: or
else seasons of rest, and deliverance from the violent heat of
persecution; which was the case of the saints at the destruction of
Jerusalem; they were not only saved from that ruin, but delivered
from the wrath of their most implacable enemies. The Ethiopic
version renders it, "and the day of mercy shall come from the
presence of the Lord", repenting sinners find mercy; and a discovery
of pardon is a time of mercy; and when God grants this, he affords
his presence. The Jews call the world to come a time of refreshment;
and say F2,
``better is one hour (xwr trwq lv) , "of refreshment", in the
world to come, than the whole life of this world.''
F2 Pirke Abot, c. 4. sect. 17.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Acts 3:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=ac&chapter=003&verse=019>. 1999.