The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleActs 4:1
And as they spake unto the people…
For though only
mention is made of Peter's preaching in the preceding chapter, yet
doubtless John preached as well as he; either in turn, or to a part
of the people at some distance: and this shows their diligence,
faithfulness, and integrity, in the ministration of the word; and it
is recorded to their honour, that whilst they were about their
master's business, and discharging the duty of their office,
the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees came
by agreement, with great violence, and at unawares: the
"priests" might be those who kept the watch in the temple; for
``in three places the priests kept watch, in the house of
the sanctuary; in the house of Abtines, in the house of
Nitsots, and in the house of Moked, and the Levites in
one and twenty places F16.''
And it now being eventide, they might be about to take their
stands; "and the captain of the temple" might be he, whom they call,
(tyb rh vya) , "the man of the mountain of the house"; who was (rv) , a
ruler, or governor, and (hnwmm) , a president over all the wards F17;
he is sometimes called (rmvm var) , "the head of the ward" F18; and of
him it is said F19,
``the man of the mountain of the house goes his round
through every ward, with burning torches before him; and
every ward that does not stand (is not on his feet), the
man of the mountain of the house, says to him, peace be to
thee; and if he observes that he is asleep, he strikes him
with his staff, and he has power to burn his garments.''
The Vulgate Latin and the Oriental versions read in the plural
number, as in (See Gill on 22:4),
(See Gill on 22:52).
The Sadducees were a sect among the Jews, that denied the resurrection
of the dead; of their rise, name, and tenets, (See Gill on 3:7).
F16 Misn. Middot, c. 1. sect. 1.
F17 Bartenora & Yom Tob in ib. sect. 2.
F18 Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 6. fol. 186. 3.
F19 Misn. Middot, c. 1. sect. 2.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Acts 4:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=ac&chapter=004&verse=001>. 1999.