The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleActs 7:4
Then came he out of the land of the Chaldeans…
with Mesopotamia; so Pliny says F2, that
``because of Babylon the head of the Chaldean nation---the
other part of Mesopotamia and Assyria is called Babylonia.''
And he places Babylon in Mesopotamia; it was out of Ur, in the land
of the Chaldeans particularly, that Abraham came, upon his first
and dwelt in Charan:
according to the Jewish writers F3, he dwelt
here five years:
and from thence, when his father was dead;
who died in Haran, as is
said in (Genesis 11:32) and that it was after the death of Terah his
father, that Abraham went from thence, is manifest from (Genesis 11:31,32)
(Genesis 12:4,5) and yet a Jew F4 has the impudence to charge Stephen
with a mistake, and to affirm, that Abraham went from Haran, whilst
his father was yet living; proceeding upon a false hypothesis, that
Terah begat Abraham when he was seventy years of age: but Philo the
Jew is expressly with Stephen in this circumstance; he says F5,
``I think no man versed in the laws can be ignorant, that
Abraham, when he first went out of the land of Chaldea,
dwelt in Charan; (teleuthsantov te autw tou patrov ekenyi)
"but his father dying there", he removed from thence:''
and so says Stephen:
he removed him into this land, wherein ye now dwell;
the land of
Canaan; see (Genesis 12:5) or "he removed himself", as the Ethiopic
version renders it; or rather "God removed him", as the Syriac
version reads, and so one copy in the Bodleian library; for it was
by the order and assistance, and under the direction and protection
of God, that he came into that land: after the words
wherein ye now dwell,
Beza's ancient copy adds, "and our fathers
that were before us".
F2 De Urbibus, l. 6. c. 26.
F3 Seder Olam Rabba, c. 1. p. 2. Ganz Tzemach David, par. 1. fol. 5. 2.
F4 R. Isaac Chizzuk Emuna, par. 2. c. 61. p. 448.
F5 De Migratione Abrahami, p. 415.