The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleActs 7:18
Till another king arose…
In, or over Egypt, as the
Alexandrian copy, and others, and the Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and
Ethiopic versions read; in (Exodus 1:8) it is a new king; the Jewish
writers are divided about him, whether he was a different king from
the former; or only so called, because he made new edicts F4:
``Rab and Samuel, one says a new one absolutely: and the
other says, because his decrees were renewed; he that
says a new one absolutely, (thinks so) because it is
written a new one; and he who says, because his decrees
are renewed (or he makes new decrees, he thinks so) from
hence, because it is not written, and he died, and there
reigned; and (it makes) for him that says, because his
decrees are renewed, what is written, "who knew not
Joseph"; what is the meaning of that, "who knew not
Joseph?" that he was like one who knew not Joseph at
The Septuagint version of (Exodus 1:8) renders it "another" king, as does
Stephen here; another king from the Pharaoh of Joseph: the name of
this was Ramesses Miamun; and one of the treasure cities built for
him seems to be called after his name, Raamses, (Exodus 1:11) . The Jews
call him Talma F5 and by Theophilus of Antioch F6 he is called
Tethmosis; and by Artapanus F7, Palmanotha: "which knew not
Joseph"; nor what great things he had done, to the advantage of the
Egyptian nation; he was acquainted with the history of him, and of
his worthy deeds, and therefore had no regard to his people, as the
other Pharaoh had Josephus F8 says, the kingdom was translated to
another family; which might be the reason why he was not known, nor
his friends taken notice of: Aben Ezra says, he was not of the
seed royal; wherefore it is written, "and there arose"; he the
kingdom, and had not a just right and title so that being a
stranger, it is no wonder that he should not know Joseph; Jarchi's
``he made himself as if he did not know him''
he dissembled, he pretended ignorance of him, because he would
show no respect unto his people. Beza's ancient copy, and another in
the Bodleian library, read, "which remembered not Joseph".
F4 T. Bab. Erubin, fol. 53. 1. & Sota, fol. 11. 1.
F5 Juchasin, fol. 135. 2.
F6 Ad Autolycum, l. 3. p. 130.
F7 Apud Euseb. de prep. Evangel. l. 9. c. 27.
F8 Antiqu. l. 2. c. 9. sect. 1.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Acts 7:18". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=ac&chapter=007&verse=018>. 1999.