The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleActs 10:28
And he said unto them…
The whole company that were met
together, who were chiefly, if not altogether Gentiles:
ye know that it is an unlawful thing;
what is forbidden by the law
of Moses, (Deuteronomy 7:2,3) and by the traditions of the elders, which
carry the matter further than the law did, and made it very
for a man that is a Jew, to keep company with, or come unto one of
besides entering into covenants and marriages with
them, which were forbidden by the law, though they allowed of trade
and commerce with the Gentiles, yet not any familiar conversation
with them; it was prohibited to eat and drink any sort of liquor
with them in their houses F8, nor might they walk with them in the
streets, or on the road; says Maimonides F9,
``it is forbidden a Jew to unite himself to Gentiles,
because they are suspected of shedding blood, and he may
not join himself with them in the way; if he meets a
Gentile in the way, he causes him to turn to the right
hand; if they ascend by an ascent, or descend by a
descent, the Israelite may not be below, and the Gentile
above: but the Israelite must be above, and the Gentile
below, lest he should fall upon him and kill him; and he
may not go even with (or along side by him) lest he break
It is said F11 of some Rabbins, that they saw a certain man coming;
``says R. Chiyah, let us be gone, perhaps this man is an
idolatrous Gentile, or one of the people of the earth, and
it is forbidden to join with him in the way.''
They looked upon the houses of Gentiles unclean, and therefore would
not enter into them: (See Gill on 18:28).
yea they say F12, that:
``the court of a stranger (or Gentile) is as the habitation
of a beast.''
Such an aversion was there in that people to all civil society with
Gentiles: and so Apoltonius says of them F13, that
``they not only departed from the Romans, but from all men,
living a separate life from others; nor did they
communicate at table with others; neither in things
sacred, nor in any ceremonies;''
and this was well known to Jews and Gentiles:
but God hath showed me;
partly by the vision he had seen, and
partly by discourse with the men that came from Cornelius to him; and
by comparing the vision and their message to him together, he saw that
he was not obliged to abide by the customs and laws of the Jews: but
was showed, as he says,
that I should not call any man common or unclean;
that is, in a
ceremonial sense; for otherwise, all by nature are morally unclean;
and none are pure, but such who are washed in the blood of Christ,
and are justified by his righteousness, and sanctified by his
Spirit: he saw there was now no difference between Jew and Gentile;
that the one was not clean because of his circumcision, nor the
other unclean on account of his uncircumcision, or to be avoided for
that reason; that the Gospel was to be preached to all; and that
every believer of whatsoever nation, was acceptable to God, and
ought to be regarded by his ministers and people.
F8 Mitzvot Tora, pr neg. 143.
F9 Hilchot Rotzeach, c. 12. sect. 7.
F11 Zohar in Exod. fol. 21. 1.
F12 T. Bab. Erubin, fol. 62. 2.
F13 Philostrat. Vita Apollon. l. 5. c. 11.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Acts 10:28". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=ac&chapter=010&verse=028>. 1999.