The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleActs 23:8
For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection…
the dead, being ignorant of the Scriptures, and the power of God;
see (Matthew 22:23,29) .
neither angel nor spirit;
the Ethiopic version reads, "nor Holy
Spirit": but the sense seems to be, that they did not believe any
such species of beings as angels, nor indeed any spirits whatever,
which were immaterial or immortal; for as for the spirit or soul of
man, they took that to be only the temperament of the body, and that
it died with it, and did not exist in any separate state after this
life: for so Josephus F24 says, that they deny the permanence of the
soul, and rewards and punishments in the invisible state. And,
according to the Talmudic F25 writers, they denied that there was
any other world than this:
but the Pharisees confess both;
the resurrection of the dead, and
that there are spirits, both angels and the souls of men, which are
immortal. Josephus, in the place before referred to, says, that they
hold that every soul is incorruptible or immortal; and that they
held the resurrection of the dead, is manifest from the Talmud F26,
and other writings of theirs; the Syriac version renders it, "the
Pharisees confess all these things"; to which agree the Arabic and
F24 De Bello Jud. l. 2. c. 10. sect. 19.
F25 T. Bab. Beracot, fol. 54. 1. & Gloss. in ib. & Pirke Abot R.
Nathan, c. 5.
F26 T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 90. 2.