The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleDaniel 2:34
Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands…
Or, "wast seeing" F5; the king continued looking upon the image that
stood before him, as he thought, as long as he could see it, till he saw
a "stone": an emblem of the Messiah, as it often is in Scripture,
(Genesis 49:24) (Psalms 118:22) (Isaiah 8:14) (28:16) (Zechariah 3:8) , because of his strength,
firmness, and duration; and so it is interpreted here by many Jewish
writers, ancient and modern, as well as by Christians; and also of his
kingdom, or of him in his kingly office; see (Daniel 2:44) . In an ancient
book F6 of theirs, written by R. Simeon Ben Jochai, the author
interprets this stone, cut out of the mountain without hands, to be the
same with him who in (Genesis 49:24) , is called the Shepherd and Stone of
Israel; as it is by Saadiah Gaon, a later writer; and in another of
their writings F7, reckoned by them very ancient, it is said, that the
ninth king (for they speak of ten) shall be the King Messiah, who shall
reign from one end of the world to the other, according to that passage,
"the stone which smote the image"… (Daniel 2:35) and in one of their
ancient Midrashes F8, or expositions, it is interpreted of the King
Messiah: and so R. Abraham Seba F9, on those words, "from thence is the
Shepherd, the Stone of Israel", (Genesis 49:24) ; observes, the King Messiah
does not come but by the worthiness of Jacob, as it is said, "thou
sawest, till that stone cut out without hands, because of Jacob". This
is said to be "cut out without hands"; that is, the hands of men, as
Saadiah and Jacchiades explain it; not cut out by workmen, as stones
usually are out of quarries; but was taken out by an unseen hand, and by
invisible power, even purely divine: this may point at the wondrous
incarnation of Christ, who was made of a woman, of a virgin, without the
help of a man, by the power of God; see (Hebrews 8:2) (9:11) , and at his
kingdom, which was like a single stone at first, very small, and was cut
out and separated from the world, and set up and maintained, not by
human, but divine power, and being of a spiritual nature,
(2 Corinthians 5:1) (Colossians 2:11) :
which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and
brake them to pieces;
this seems to represent this image as in a plain,
when, from a mountain hanging over it, a stone is taken by an invisible
hand, and rolled upon it; which falling on its feet, breaks them to
pieces, and in course the whole statue falls, and is broken to shivers;
this respects what is yet to be done in the latter day, when Christ
will take to himself his great power, and reign, and subdue, and
destroy the ten kings or kingdoms that are given to antichrist, and him
himself, and the remainder of the several monarchies, and in which they
will all end.
F5 (tywh hzx) "videns eras", Montanus, Michaelis.
F6 Zohar in Gen. fol. 86. 2.
F7 Pirke Eliezer, c. 11. fol. 12. 2.
F8 Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 13. fol. 209. 4.
F9 Tzeror Hammor, fol. 63. 2.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Daniel 2:34". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=da&chapter=002&verse=034>. 1999.