The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleDaniel 2:1
And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar…
was in the first year of Nebuchadnezzar's reign that Daniel was carried
captive, (Jeremiah 25:1) , three years Daniel had been under tutors; at the end
of which he was presented to the king, as is related in the preceding
chapter; and yet the following dream was in the second of his reign:
this creates a difficulty, which is solved by some thus: in the second
year after the destruction of the temple, so the Jewish chronicle F15,
with which Jarchi agrees; others, as Aben Ezra, in the second year of
his monarchy, after he had subdued all the nations round about; and so
Josephus says F16, it was in the second year after the destruction of
the Egyptians. R. Moses the priest, in Aben Ezra, would have it to be
the second year to his reign, to the end of it, when there were only two
years wanting to it; a very unusual way of reckoning indeed! and
therefore justly rejected by Aben Ezra: but all these dates are too
late, since Daniel long before these times was well known, and in great
fame for his wisdom; whereas, at this time, it does not appear that he
was much known, or in great request: it is better either to render it,
"in the second year", that is, after Daniel and his companions had been
presented to the king, and promoted;
even in the reign of Nebuchadnezzar,
as opposed to the reign of Darius
or Cyrus, in which he flourished also: or rather this was the second
year of Nebuchadnezzar's reigning alone; for he had been taken into
partnership in the throne with his father before his death, as Berosus
F17 observes, which is said to be two years; so that this second year
was the fourth year of his reign, reckoning from the time he reigned
conjunctly with his father, though the second of his reigning alone:
yet it seems best of all to render the words, with Noldius F18, but in
the second year, in the reign of Nebuchadnezzar; that is, in the second
year of Daniel's ministry in or under the reign of Nebuchadnezzar; who
continued at court under different reigns, till the first of Cyrus:
this was, according to Bishop Usher F19, and Mr. Whiston F20, in the
year of the world 3401 A.M., and before Christ 603. Mr. Bedford F21
places it in 604:
Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams;
which, though but one, yet, relating to
various things, the several parts of the human body, and the different
metals the form he saw was made of, as well as the four monarchies it
signified, is called "dreams". Jacchiades says, he first dreamed the
dream, and then the interpretation of it; which is the reason of the
plural number: wherewith his spirit was troubled; it gave his mind a
great deal of trouble while he was dreaming it; and when he awaked,
though he could not recover it, yet he had some confused broken ideas
of it; it had left some impressions upon him, which gave him great
uneasiness, and the more as he could not recollect any part of it; his
mind was agitated, and tossed to and fro, and under the greatest
and his sleep brake from him;
went away from him, through the
strangeness of the dream, and the effect it had upon him.
F15 Seder Olam Rabba, c. 28. p. 80.
F16 Antiqu. l. 10. c. 10. sect. 3.
F17 Apud Joseph. contr. Apion. l. 1. c. 19.
F18 Concord. Ebr. Part. p. 452. No. 1405.
F19 Annales Vet. Test. A. M. 3401.
F20 Chronological Tables, cent. 9.
F21 Scripture Chronology, p. 677.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Daniel 2:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=da&chapter=002&verse=001>. 1999.