The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleDeuteronomy 24:19
When thou cuttest down thine harvest in thy field…
Whether barley harvest or wheat harvest, when either of them are ripe
for cutting, mowing, or reaping, and are cutting down:
and hast forgot a sheaf in the field;
Jarchi says the phrase "in the
field" is to include standing corn, some of which is forgotten in
cutting down, and so is subject to this law as well as a sheaf; and a
sheaf claimed by this name is one that is forgotten both by the workman
and the owner; if by the one and not by the other, it could not be so
called. The canon runs thus F20,
``a sheaf which the workmen forget, and not the owner, or the
owner forgets, and not the workman, before which the poor
stand, or is covered with straw or stubble, is not a
And about this they have various other rules;
``a sheaf that is near the gate (of a field), or to an heap (of
sheaves), or to oxen, or to instruments, and left, the house
of Shammai say it is not to be reckoned a forgotten sheaf;
but the house of Hillell say it is;--two sheaves are reckoned
forgotten, three are not; a sheaf in which there are two
seahs (about a peck and a half), and they leave it, it is not
reckoned forgotten F21:''
thou shall not go again to fetch it;
which supposes a remembrance of
it, or some intelligence about it when at home, and after the field has
been cleared, and all carried in but this sheaf; then the owner might
not go nor send to fetch it: the beginnings of the rows, they say, show
when a sheaf is forgotten, or not; particularly the adverse sheaf, or
that over against it, shows it F23; so Jarchi:
it shall be for the stranger;
or proselyte; the proselyte of
righteousness; of this there is no doubt, but it seems to be for the
proselyte of the gate also:
for the fatherless and for the widow;
which of them soever should first
that the Lord thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands;
the culture of their ground the next year, and give them large and
fruitful crops; they either purposely leaving the sheaf for the poor,
or however suffer them to take it unmolested when found by them. The
Targum of Jonathan is, "that the word of the Lord thy God may bless
F20 Misn. Peah, c. 5. sect. 7.
F21 Misn. Peah, c. 6. sect. 2, 5, 6.
F23 Ib. sect. 3, 4.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 24:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=de&chapter=024&verse=019>. 1999.