The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleDeuteronomy 23:17
There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel…
word for "whore" is "kedeshah", which properly signifies an "holy" one;
and here, by an antiphrasis, an unholy, an impure person, one that is
defiled by man; (See Gill on 38:18). Jarchi interprets the word, one
that makes herself common, that is sanctified, or set apart; that is,
one that separates herself for such service, and prostitutes herself to
everyone that passes by: but some understand this not of common
harlots in the streets, but of sacred whores, or such as were
consecrated to Heathen deities, as such there were to Venus. Strabo F24
tells us that the temple of Venus at Corinth was so rich, that more
than a thousand of those sacred harlots were kept, whom men and women
had devoted to that goddess; and so a multitude of the same sort were
at Comana, which he calls little Corinth F25; now these of all harlots
being the most abominable are forbidden to be among the daughters of
nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel:
by the same rule that "kedeshah"
is rendered "a whore" in the preceding clause, "kadesh" should be
rendered "an whoremonger" here, as in the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin
versions; though Aben Ezra interprets it passively, one that is lain
with, and Jarchi one that is prepared to lie with a male, that
prostitutes his body in this unnatural way; and it looks as if there
were such sort of persons sacred to idols, since we read of the houses
of the sodomites, which were by, or rather in the house of the Lord,
(2 Kings 23:7) .
F24 Geograph. l. 8. p. 261.
F25 lb. l. 12. p. 385.