The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleDeuteronomy 25:10
And his name shall be called in Israel…
particular and personal name, but his family; for it seems that not
only a mark of infamy was set upon him for refusing to marry his
brother's widow, but upon his family also;
the house of him that hath his shoe loosed;
which, as Leo of Modena
says F19, was repeated by her three times; and at every time the people
with a loud voice answer and call him, one that had his shoe loosed;
and then the Rabbin tells the man that he is at liberty now to marry
whom he pleases; and if he desires a certificate from them of this
setting free his kinswoman, they presently give him one; and she also
had a writing given to her by the judges, certifying the same, that she
was free also to marry another; of which the following is a short form
or copy F20.
``In such or such a session (or court), such an one, the
daughter of such an one, plucked off the shoe of such an one,
the son of such an one, before us; she brought him before us,
and she loosed the shoe of his right foot, and spit before
him spittle, which was seen by us upon the ground; and said,
so shall it be done to the man that would not build up his
A larger form may be seen in Maimonides F21, as well as a type and copy
of the matrimonial contract. From this law an high priest was free,
(Leviticus 21:14) ; and so a king, according to the Jewish canon F23.
F19 History, ut supra, sect. 5. (Leo Modena's History of Rites…
l. 1. sect. 5.)
F20 T. Hieros. Sanhedrin, fol. 19. 1.
F21 Hilchot Yebum Vechalitzah, c. 4. sect. 29.
F23 Misn. Sanhedrin, c. 2. sect. 2.