The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleEphesians 3:15
Of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named.
This may refer either to God, the Father of Christ; who is the
Father of the whole family in heaven and in earth; not only the
Father of Christ, but the Father of spirits, of angelic spirits, as
well as of the souls of men; and the Father of all the saints by
adopting grace, whether above or below; they are all the household
of God: or else to Jesus Christ, who is the everlasting Father, the
Son over his own house, and the firstborn among many brethren: and
this family consists either of elect angels and elect men, who are
both under one head, Christ, and are in one family, only with this
difference, the one are servants, the other sons; or else only of
elect men, of saints in heaven and in earth, who all make up but one
family; and that part of it, which is on earth, consists of persons
of various sizes and growth, as fathers, young men, and children,
though they are all the children of God, and partake of the same
privileges: and this family is named of Christ; they are called
Christians from him, and he is the master and governor of them; they
have their laws, directions, and instructions from him; and he is
the great provider for them, and the support of them; they have
their food and clothing from him, as well as are called by his name.
Frequent mention is made in the Jewish writings F15 of the family of
the holy angels, and of the family above, and the family below, to
which here may be some reference.
F15 Targ. in Cant. i. 15. T. Bab. Beracot, fol. 17. 1. Zohar in Exod.
fol. 105. 4. Raziel, fol. 42. 1. & 45. 2. Caphtor, fol. 58. 2.
Shaare Orn, fol. 14. 3.