The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleExodus 9:23
And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven…
which Aaron had made use of before, but was now in the hand of Moses,
and whose rod it properly was:
and the Lord sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the
hot thunderbolts, which struck their flocks, (Psalms 78:48) and
hail which fell so thick and weighty as to destroy both men and cattle, and
break trees in pieces, and spoil the corn, the grass, and the tender
herb; and fire, that is lightning, which descended so low, and in such
quantities, as ran along the ground, and consumed all it met with.
Artapanus F7, an Heathen writer, who speaks of this storm of hail,
says, that Moses, besides the hail, caused earthquakes by night, so
that those that escaped the earthquakes were taken away by the hail,
and those that escaped the hail perished by the earthquakes, which he
says overthrew all the houses, and most of the temples:
and the Lord rained hail upon the land of Egypt;
upon Egypt, where rain
was not common, and on all the land of Egypt, when in some parts of it
it was scarce known, and hail as thick as rain; ice, snow, and hail,
are most rarely if ever seen there, the air not being cold enough for
the production of them F8. This was the Lord's immediate doing, when
there was no likelihood of it, nor any appearance of second causes
concurring to produce it, and came at the exact time he had foretold it
should; all which were very extraordinary.
F7 Apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 27. p. 435, 436.
F8 Vid. Scheuchzer. Physica Sacra, vol. 1. p. 139.