The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleExodus 18:1
When Jethro the priest of Midian, Moses's father-in-law…
The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan call him the prince of Midian, and
so the word F5 is rendered in some versions; whose daughter Moses had
married, and so was his father-in-law, of which see more in
(Exodus 2:16-21) .
heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people;
the miracles he had wrought for them in Egypt, the dividing of the Red
sea to make a way for them, the destruction of the Egyptians, providing
them with bread and water in such a miraculous manner in the
wilderness, and giving them victory over Amalek, and appearing always
at the head of them in a pillar of cloud and fire:
[and] that the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt:
which was the
greatest blessing of all, and for the sake of which so many wonderful
things had been done to Pharaoh and the Egyptians. And now Midian being
near to Egypt, it is not to be wondered at that Jethro should hear of
these things, the fame of which went through all the countries round
about, see (Exodus 15:14,15) , though it is not improbable that Moses might
send messengers to Midian to acquaint his father-in-law, his wife, and
sons, of what the Lord had done for him, and by him.
F5 (zhk) "praeses", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator.