The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleExodus 19:1
In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone
forth out of the land of Egypt…
Which was the month Sivan, and
answers to part of May and part of June:
the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai;
which had its name
from the mountain situated in it, and that from the bushes which grew
upon it. Justin F26 calls it Synan, which he says Moses occupied, and
Strabo F1, Sinnan. Hither they came either on the same day they came
from Rephidim; which, according to Bunting F2, were eight miles from
it, or on the same day of the month, as to number, that is, on the third
day of the third month; and so Jerom F3 and others say it was on the forty
seventh day after their coming out of Egypt, three days after which they
received the law on Mount Sinai, it being a generally received notion
that the law was given fifty days after the passover; hence the feast of
weeks is called from thence the feast of pentecost, or fifty days: or
rather this was the first day of the month, as Jarchi and R. Moses; with
which agrees the Targum of Jonathan; and so was the forty fifth of their
coming out of Egypt, five days after which they received the law; it
being a tradition with the Jews, as Aben Ezra observes, that that was
given on the sixth of Sivan, and may be accounted for thus; on the first
day they came to Sinai, and encamped there, on the day following Moses
went up to God, (Exodus 19:3) , on the third day Moses gathered the elders
together, (Exodus 19:7) , and declared to them the words of God, and on the
third day after that, which was the sixth, the law was delivered to them.
F26 E Trogo, l. 36. c. 2.
F1 Geograph. l. 16. p. 520.
F2 Travels, p. 82.
F3 Epist. Fabiolae de 42 mansion. fol. 15. c. 1. tom. 3.