The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleExodus 22:17
If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him…
For wife, either because of his character, family, or circumstances;
or, however, being disagreeable to him on one account or another, and
therefore will by no means agree to marry his daughter to him, and not
only give him an absolute denial, but resolutely persist in it: the
Targum of Jonathan has it,
``if it seems not good to him;''
if he do not like nor choose to marry her; and some add also, if she
herself do not approve of marrying him:
he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins;
as virgins on
marriage have usually given them, according to their rank and dignity:
here is no sum fixed, but the Targum of Jonathan is,
``he shall be mulcted in fifty shekels of silver,''
which is taken from (Deuteronomy 22:29) though that seems to be not altogether a
like case with this; for though it respects a virgin not betrothed, as
here, yet one that has been forced, and therefore the man was obliged
to marry her, and never put her away; and the mulct or fine was to be
paid to the damsel's father and not to her: the Septuagint version here
says, it was to be paid to the father.