The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleExodus 3:14
And God said unto Moses, I am that I am…
the real being of God, his self-existence, and that he is the Being of
beings; as also it denotes his eternity and immutability, and his
constancy and faithfulness in fulfilling his promises, for it includes
all time, past, present, and to come; and the sense is, not only I am
what I am at present, but I am what I have been, and I am what I shall
be, and shall be what I am. The Platonists and Pythagoreans seem to
have borrowed their (to on) from hence, which expresses with them the
eternal and invariable Being; and so the Septuagint version here is
(o wn) : it is said F26, that the temple of Minerva at Sais, a city of
Egypt, had this inscription on it,
``I am all that exists, is, and shall be.''
And on the temple of Apollo at Delphos was written (ei) , the contraction
of (eimi) , "I am" F1. Our Lord seems to refer to this name,
(John 8:58) , and indeed is the person that now appeared; and the words
may be rendered, "I shall be what I shall be" F2 the incarnate God, God
manifest in the flesh:
thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto
or as the Targum of Jonathan has it,
``I am he that is, and that shall be.''
This is the name Ehjeh, or Jehovah, Moses is empowered to make use of,
and to declare, as the name of the Great God by whom he was sent; and
which might serve both to encourage him, and strengthen the faith of
the Israelites, that they should be delivered by him.
F26 Phutarch. de Iside & Osir.
F1 Plato in Timaeo.
F2 (hyha rva hyha) "ero qui ero", Pagninus, Montanus, Fagius,
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Exodus 3:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=ex&chapter=003&verse=014>. 1999.