The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleGenesis 5:5
And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and
Not lunar years, as Varro F4, but solar years,
which consisted of three hundred and sixty five days and odd hours, and
such were in use among the Egyptians in the times of Moses; and of
these must be the age of Adam, and of his posterity in this chapter,
and of other patriarchs in this book; or otherwise, some must be said
to beget children at an age unfit for it, particularly Enoch, who must
beget a son in the sixth year of his age; and the lives of some of them
must be very short, even shorter than ours, as Abraham and others; and
the time between the creation and the deluge could not be two hundred
years: but this long life of the antediluvians, according to the
Scripture account, is confirmed by the testimony of many Heathen
writers, who affirm that the ancients lived a thousand years, as many
of them did, pretty near, though not quite, they using a round number
to express their longevity by; for the proof of this Josephus F5
appeals to the testimonies of Manetho the Egyptian, and Berosus the
Chaldean, and Mochus and Hestiaeus; besides Jerom the Egyptian, and the
Phoenician writers; also Hesiod, Hecataeus, Hellanicus, Acusilaus,
Ephorus and Nicolaus. And though the length of time they lived may in
some measure be accounted for by natural things as means, such as their
healthful constitution, simple diet, the goodness of the fruits of the
earth, the temperate air and climate they lived in, their sobriety,
temperance, labour and exercise; yet no doubt it was so ordered in
Providence for the multiplication of mankind, for the cultivation of
arts and sciences, and for the spread of true religion in the world,
and the easier handing down to posterity such things as were useful,
both for the good of the souls and bodies of men. Maimonides F6 is of
opinion, that only those individual persons mentioned in Scripture
lived so long, not men in common; and which was owing to their diet and
temperance, and exact manner of living, or to a miracle; but there is
no reason to believe that they were the only temperate persons, or that
any miracle should be wrought particularly on their account for
prolonging their lives, and not others. But though they lived so long,
it is said of them all, as here of the first man,
and he died,
according to the sentence of the law in ( 2:17)
and though he died not immediately upon his transgression of the law,
yet he was from thence forward under the sentence of death, and liable
to it; yea, death seized upon him, and was working in him, till it
brought him to the dust of it; his life, though so long protracted, was
a dying life, and at last he submitted to the stroke of death, as all
his posterity ever since have, one or two excepted, and all must; for
"it is appointed unto men once to die". (Hebrews 9:27) . The Arabic F7
writers relate, that Adam when he was near death called to him Seth,
Enos, Kainan, and Mahalaleel, and ordered them by his will, when he was
dead, to embalm his body with myrrh, frankincense, and cassia, and lay
it in the hidden cave, the cave of Machpelah, where the Jews F8 say he
was buried, and where Abraham, Sarah… were buried; and that if they
should remove from the neighbourhood of paradise, and from the mountain
where they dwelt, they should take his body with them, and bury it in
the middle or the earth. They are very particular as to the time of his
death. They say F9 it was on a Friday, the fourteenth of Nisan, which
answers to part of March and part of April, A. M. nine hundred and thirty,
in the ninth hour of that day. The Jews are divided about the funeral
of him; some say Seth buried him; others, Enoch; and others, God
himself F11: the primitive Christian fathers will have it that he was
buried at Golgotha, on Mount Calvary, where Christ suffered.
F4 Apud Lactant. Institut. l. 2. c. 13.
F5 Antiqu. l. 1. c. 3. sect. 9.
F6 More Nevochim, par. 2. p. 47.
F7 Patricides, p. 5. Elmacinus, p. 6. apud Hottinger. Smegma Oriental.
l. 1. c. 8. p. 216, 217.
F8 Pirke Eliezer, c. 20. Juchasin, fol. 5. 1.
F9 Patricides & Elamacinus, apud Hottinger. ib.
F11 Juchasin, ut supra. (fol. 5. 1.)
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Genesis 5:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=ge&chapter=005&verse=005>. 1999.