The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleGenesis 18:24
Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city…
Within the Pentapolis, which consisted of five cities; and so ten
righteous persons are supposed to be in each, as Jarchi observes,
agreeably to the Targum of Jonathan;
``perhaps there may be fifty righteous persons in the city who
pray before thee, ten for every city, answerable to the five
cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Zoar:''
wilt thou also destroy, and not spare the place for the fifty
righteous that [are] therein?
here Abraham becomes an advocate and
intercessor for all the inhabitants of the place, even the wicked, that
they might not be destroyed, but spared and be delivered from impending
ruin, for the sake of the fifty righteous among them; before he seemed
only concerned for the righteous, lest they should perish with the
rest, and that some method might be found out and taken to distinguish
them from them; but here he expresses himself in favour of the wicked
also, that they might be spared, provided such a number of righteous
ones was found among them.