The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleGenesis 36:20
These [are] the sons of Seir the Horite, who inhabited the
"Before", as the Targum of Jonathan adds, that is, before it
was inhabited by Esau and his posterity, and called Edom, and had from
him the name of Seir; but the Horites dwelt here before him, even in
Abraham's time, (Genesis 14:6) ; and who were so called from their dwelling
under ground in holes and caves, with which the further part of the
land of Edom abounded, and are the same the Greeks call Trogloditae:
Jarchi says, from their Rabbins, these were very expert in the nature
of the land, and knew what was fit for olives and what for vines. Now
the genealogy of this man is here given, partly to show who were the
ancient inhabitants of this land before they were drove out, and
succeeded by Esau and his sons, (Deuteronomy 1:12,22) ; and partly because of the
intermarriages of Esau and his posterity with them, whereby they more
easily came into the possession of the country; for Esau married the
daughter of Anah, the son of Zibeon, a son of Seir, (Genesis 36:11,24,25) ;
and Eliphaz took Timna, a sister of Lotan the son of Seir, to be his
concubine, (Genesis 36:12,22) ; the names of the sons of Seir follow,
Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah:
the first of these is said F2
to be the same with Latinus, a king that reigned in Italy, which seems
to be taken from the fancied resemblance of names. Zibeon and Anah are
here spoken of as brethren, the sons of Seir; whereas in (Genesis 36:24) ;
they are made mention of as father and son, (See Gill on 36:2);
Zibeon, according to the Jewish writers F3, committed incest with his
mother, whence came Anah, and is called his brother, because of the
same mother, and his son, as being begotten by him. They seem to seek
for such kind of copulations to reproach the Edomites.
F2 Shalshalet Hakabala, fol. 79. 1.
F3 T. Bab. Pesachim, fol. 54. 1. & Bava Bathra, fol. 115. 2. Bereshit
Rabba, sect. 82. fol. 72. 1.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Genesis 36:20". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=ge&chapter=036&verse=020>. 1999.