The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleGenesis 10:18
And the Arvadite…
The inhabitants of Arvad, or
Aradus, an island in the Phoenician sea; it is mentioned with Sidon,
(Ezekiel 27:8) so Josephus says F17, the Arudaeans possessed the island
Aradus: it is about a league distant from the shore; Strabo F18 says it
is twenty furlongs from land, and about seven in circumference, and is
said to be built by the Sidonians; it is now, as Mr. Maundrel F19 says,
by the Turks called Ru-ad, or, as Dr. Shaw says F20, Rou-wadde;
(See Gill on 27:8).
And the Zemarite;
who perhaps built and inhabited Simyra, a place
mentioned by Pliny F21, not far from Lebanon, and along with Marathos,
and Antarados, which lay on the continent, right against the island
Aradus, or Arvad, and near the country of the Aradians. Strabo F23
makes mention of a place called Taxymira, which Casaubon observes
should be Ximyra, or Simyra; and Mela F24 speaks of the castle of
Simyra as in Phoenicia. There was a city called Zemaraim in the tribe
of Benjamin, (Joshua 18:22) which Bishop Patrick suggests, and
Ainsworth before him, that Zemarus, the son of Canaan, might be the
founder of; and there is also a mountain of the same name in Mount
Ephraim, (2 Chronicles 13:4) .
And the Hamathite:
who dwelt in Amathine, as Josephus F25, and was
in his time called by the inhabitants Amathe; but the Macedonians
called it, from one of their race, Epiphania, which seems to have been
the country called Amathite,
He removed from Jerusalem, and met them in the land of
Amathis: for he gave them no respite to enter his
country. (1 Maccabees 12:25)
there was another Hamath, called Antiochia, but cannot be meant, since
Hamath was the northern border of the land of Israel, then called the
entrance of Hamath, which border was pretty near to Epiphania, but not
so far as Antioch; this is the Amathus of Syria, twice mentioned by
Herodotus, as Hillerus F26 observes: but both Reland F1 and Vitringa
F2 are of opinion, that the Hamath so often mentioned in Scripture,
which doubtless had its name from the Hamathite, is neither Antiochia
nor Epiphania, but the city Emesa, or Emissa, which lay below
Epiphania, upon the Orontes, nearer Damascus and the land of Canaan;
and Hamath is mentioned with Damascus and Arpad, or Arvad, (Isaiah 10:9)
(Jeremiah 49:23) and, according to (Ezekiel 47:16,17) (48:1) . Hamath must lie
between Damascus and the Mediterranean sea.
And afterwards were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad;
not only these eleven, but two more which are not mentioned, the
Canaanites properly so called, and the Perizzites; these families at
first dwelt in one place, or within narrow limits; but, as they
increased, they spread themselves further every way, and in process of
time possessed all the country from Idumea and Palestine to the mouth
of the Orontes, and which they held about seven hundred years, when
five of these families, with the two other above mentioned, were cast
out of the land for their sins, and to make way for the people of
F17 Antiqu. l. 1. c. 6. sect. 2.
F18 Geograph. l. 16. p. 518.
F19 Journey from Aleppo… p. 19. Ed. 7.
F20 Travels, p. 267. Ed. 2.
F21 Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 20.
F23 Geograph. l. 16. p. 518.
F24 De situ orbis, l. 1. c. 12.
F25 Ut supra. (Antiqu. l. 1. c. 6. sect. 2.)
F26 Onomastic. Sacr. p. 780.
F1 Palestina Illustrata, tom. 1. l. 1. p. 121, 123, 317.
F2 Comment. in Jesaiam, c. 10, 9.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Genesis 10:18". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=ge&chapter=010&verse=018>. 1999.