The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleGenesis 10:8
And Cush begat Nimrod…
Besides the other five sons
before mentioned; and probably this was his youngest son, being
mentioned last; or however he is reserved to this place, because more
was to be spoken of him than of any of the rest. Sir Walter Raleigh F9
thinks that Nimrod was begotten by Cush after his other children were
become fathers, and of a later time than some of his grandchildren and
nephews: and indeed the sons of Raamah, the fourth son of Cush, are
taken notice of before him: however, the Arabic writers F11 must be
wrong, who make him to be the son of Canaan, whereas it is so clear and
express from hence that he was the son of Cush. In the Greek version he
is called Nebrod, and by Josephus, Nebrodes, which is a name of
Bacchus; and indeed Nimrod is the same with the Bacchus of the
Heathens, for Bacchus is no other than Barchus, the son of Cush; and
Jacchus, which is another of his names in Jah of Cush, or the god the
son of Cush; and it is with respect to his original name Nebrod, or
Nebrodes, that Bacchus is represented as clothed with the skin of
(nebriv) , "nebris", or a young hind, as were also his priests; and so
in his name Nimrod there may be an allusion to (armn) , "Nimra",
which, in the Chaldee language, signifies a tiger, and which kind of
creatures, with others, he might hunt; tigers drew in the chariot of
Bacchus, and he was sometimes clothed with the skin of one; though the
name of Nimrod is usually derived from (drm) , "to rebel", because he
was a rebel against God, as is generally said; and because, as Jarchi
observes, he caused all the world to rebel against God, by the advice
he gave to the generation of the division, or confusion of languages,
the builders of Babel: he seems to be the same with Belus, the founder
of Babel and of the Babylonian empire, whom Diodorus Siculus F12
confounds with Ninus his son:
he began to be a mighty man in the earth:
that is, he was the first
that formed a plan of government, and brought men into subjection to
it; and so the Jews F13 make him to be the first king after God; for of
the ten kings they speak of in the world, God is the first, and Nimrod
the second; and so the Arabic writers F14 say, he was the first of the
kings that were in the land of Babylon; and that, seeing the figure of
a crown in the heaven, he got a golden one made like it, and put it on
his head; hence it was commonly reported, that the crown descended to
him from heaven; for this refers not to his gigantic stature, as if he
was a giant, as the Septuagint render it; or a strong robust man, as
Onkelos; nor to his moral character, as the Targum of Jonathan, which
``he began to be mighty in sin, and to rebel before the Lord in
but to his civil character, as a ruler and governor: he was the first
that reduced bodies of people and various cities into one form of
government, and became the head of them; either by force and
usurpation, or it may be with the consent of the people, through his
persuasion of them, and on account of the mighty and heroic actions
done by him.
F9 History of the World, B. 1. ch. 10. sect. 1. p. 109.
F11 Elmacinus, p. 29. apud Hottinger. Smegma, p. 270. See the Universal
History, vol. 1. p. 276.
F12 Bibliothec. l. 2. p. 90.
F13 Pirke Eliezer, c. 11.
F14 Elmacinus, p. 29. Patricides, p. 16. apud Hottinger. Smegma, p.
271, 272. Abulpharag. Hist. Dynast. p. 18.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Genesis 10:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=ge&chapter=010&verse=008>. 1999.