The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleHabakkuk 1:9
They shall come all for violence…
Or, "the whole of
it" F19; the whole army of the Chaldeans, everyone of them; this would
be their sole view, not to do themselves justice, as might be
pretended, or avenge any injuries or affronts done to them by the Jews;
but purely for the sake of spoil and plunder:
their faces shall sup up [as] the east wind:
will appear so stern and fierce, that their very looks will so
frighten, as to cause men to sink and die through terror; just as herbs
and plants shrivel up and wither away, when blasted by a nipping east
wind. So the Targum,
``the reception or look of their faces is like to a vehement
Some render it,
``the look or design of their faces is to the east F20;''
when the Chaldeans were on their march to Judea, their faces were to
the west or south west; but then their desire and views were, that when
they had got the spoil they came for, as in the preceding clause, to
carry it to Babylon, which lay eastward or north east of Judea, and
thither their faces looked:
and they shall gather the captivity as the sand;
or gather up
persons, both in Judea, and in other countries conquered by them, as
innumerable as the sand of the sea, and carry them captive into their
own land. Captivity is put for captives.
F19 (hlk) "illa teta", Junius & Tremellius; "sub. gens", Pagninus,
Piscator; "totus exercitus", Vatablus; "populus", Calvin.
F20 (hmydq) "ad orientem", Pagninus, Montanus, Drusius; "orientem
versus", Junius & Tremellius, De Dieu, Burkius; so Abarbinel.