The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible
Then verily the first covenant had ordinances of divine
The design of the apostle in this chapter,
as it stands in connection with what goes before, is to show the
pre-eminence of Christ, from the tabernacle, and the things in it; as
well as from the priesthood and covenant; and as also the abrogation
of the Levitical ceremonies in particular, as well as the first
covenant in general; and that they were all types and figures of
Christ, and had their fulfilment in him: the word "first", here used,
designs not the tabernacle, but the covenant; therefore it is rightly
thus supplied in our version, as it is in the Arabic and Ethiopic
versions: which is said to have "ordinances of divine service";
belonging to the service of God, which was performed both by the
priests, and by the people; and these ordinances were no other than
the carnal ordinances, or rites of the ceremonial law: the word used
signifies "righteousnesses"; and they are so called, because they
were appointed by a righteous God; and were imposed on the people of
the Jews in a righteous way; and by them men became externally and
typically righteous; for they were figures and types of justification
by the righteousness of Christ, though no complete, perfect, real
righteousness, came by them.
And a worldly sanctuary.
Philo the Jew says F12, it was a type of
the world, and of the various things in it; though it was rather
either a type of the church, or of heaven, or of Christ's human
nature: the better reason of its being so called is, because it
consisted of earthly matter, and worldly things; it was in the
world, and only had its use in the world, and so is opposed to the
heavenly sanctuary; for the Jews often speak of (hlemlv vdqm) , "a
sanctuary above", and (hjmlv vdqm) , "a sanctuary below" F13, and
of (alyeld ankvm) , "a tabernacle above", and (attld ankvm) ,
"a tabernacle below" F14; which answered to one another: the words may
be rendered "a beautiful sanctuary", a well adorned one; and such
especially was the temple, or sanctuary built by Solomon, rebuilt by
Zerubbabel, and repaired and adorned by Herod, (Luke 21:5) . And the
Jews say, that he that never saw Herod's building, meaning the temple,
never saw a beautiful building; see (Luke 21:5) .
F12 De Vita Mosis, p. 667.
F13 Jarchi in Gen. xxviii. 17.
F14 Zohar in Exod. fol. 65. 4. & 94. 4. & 96. 2. & in Lev. fol. 1. 3.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 9:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=heb&chapter=009&verse=001>. 1999.