The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible
For the law having a shadow of good things to come…
which is meant not the moral law, for that is not a shadow of future
blessings, but a system of precepts; the things it commands are not
figuratively, but really good and honest; and are not obscure, but
plain and easy to be understood; nor are they fleeting and passing
away, as a shadow, but lasting and durable: but the ceremonial law
is intended; this was a "shadow", a figure, a representation of
something true, real, and substantial; was dark and obscure, yet had
in it, and gave, some glimmering light; and was like a shadow,
fleeting and transitory: and it was a shadow of good things; of
Christ himself, who is the body, the sum and substance of it, and of
the good things to come by him; as the expiation of sin, peace and
reconciliation, a justifying righteousness, pardon of sin, and
eternal life; these are said to be "to come", as they were under the
former dispensation, while the ceremonial law was in force, and
that shadow was in being, and the substance not as yet.
And not the very image of the things;
as it had not neither the
things themselves, nor Christ, the substance of them, so it did not
give a clear revelation of them, as is made in the Gospel, nor
exhibit a distinct delineation of them, such as an image expresses;
it only gave some short and dark hints of future good things, but
did not exactly describe them: and therefore
can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year
namely, the sacrifices of bullocks and goats, which
were offered on the day of atonement, year after year, in successive
generations, from the first appointment of that day, to the writing
of this epistle: sacrifices of such a kind, and so often repeated,
make the comers thereunto perfect;
either the people that came to
the temple, and brought them to the priests to offer them for them,
or the priests that offered them; so the Syriac and Ethiopic
versions render it, "perfect them that offer"; and if not one, then
not the other: legal sacrifices could not make perfect expiation of
sin; there is no proportion between them and sin: nor did they
extend to all sin, and at most only typically expiated; nor could
they justify and cleanse from sin. Contrary to this, the Jews F16
``when Israel was in the holy land, there was no iniquity
found in them, for the sacrifices which they offered every
day atoned for them;''
but spiritual sacrificers and worshippers were expiated, justified,
and cleansed another way, even by the blood of Christ, slain from
the foundation of the world in purpose, promise, and type, and to
which their faith had respect in every sacrifice.
F16 Zohar in Gen. fol. 107. 1.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=heb&chapter=010&verse=001>. 1999.