The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible
Now the just shall live by faith…
The "just" man is
one not in appearance only, but in reality; not by his obedience to
the law, but by the obedience of Christ; and he is evidently so by
the Spirit, and by faith: and he is one, who lives soberly and
righteously; and the life he lives, and shall live, at present, is,
not eternal life; for though he shall live that life, yet this is
not intended; for it is a living by faith that is spoken of, and as
antecedent to the coming of Christ; but a spiritual life is meant, a
life of justification in Christ, a life of communion with Christ,
and a life of holiness from Christ, with peace, joy, and comfort
through him: and the manner of this just man's living is "by faith";
not upon his faith, but upon Christ, the object of it; and by "his
faith", as in (Habakkuk 2:4) his own, and not another's; or by the faith
of Christ: the Syriac version here renders it, "by the faith of
myself"; that is, by the faith of Christ, who speaks, and who is the
author and object of faith: the Alexandrian copy and the Vulgate
Latin version read, "my just man shall live by faith"; and this life
is to be now, in the mean while, until Christ comes, and because he
will certainly come:
but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him.
Hebrew word (hlpe) , used in (Habakkuk 2:4) and which, by the Septuagint
there, and by the apostle here, is translated by (uposteilhtai) , and
rendered "draw back", according to R. David Kimchi F3 signifies,
pride and haughtiness of heart; and, according to R. Sol. Jarchi F4
it signifies impudence; R. Moses Kimchi F5 takes it to be the same
with (lpe) , which is used for a tower, or fortified place; and thinks
it designs one who betakes himself to such a place for safety from
the enemy, and seeks not to God for deliverance: so that such a
person seems to be designed, who swells with pride and confidence in
his own righteousness; who betakes himself to some fortress of his
own for safety; who withdraws from the assembly of the saints,
through fear of reproach and persecution; who withholds the truth,
shuns to declare it, or maintain a profession of it; plays the
hypocrite, and deals deceitfully in religious things; and, in short,
it may intend one, who finally and totally apostatizes from the doctrine
of faith, and the profession of it: and in such persons God has no
pleasure, never had, nor never will have; but, on the contrary, they
are abominable to him, and will lie under his sore displeasure, and
feel the keen resentments of it; such stand opposed to the just man,
that lives by faith, walks humbly with God, in a dependence, not on
his own righteousness, but on the righteousness of Christ, in which
he is safe from condemnation, and secure of the divine favour; for
drawing back is not supposed of the just man, but of any man, as we,
with the Ethiopic version, rightly supply; and is to be understood
of anyone of the external professors of religion, who forsake the
assembling of the saints, (Hebrews 10:25) and is denied of the truly
righteous in the following words.
F3 In Hab. ii. 4.
F4 In ib.
F5 Apud R. David Kimchi in ibid. & in Sepher Shorashim, rad. (lpe) .
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:38". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=heb&chapter=010&verse=038>. 1999.