The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible
Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the
word of God…
The celestial world, with its inhabitants, the
angels; the starry and ethereal worlds, with all that is in them, the
sun, moon, stars, and fowls of the air; the terrestrial world, with all
upon it, men, beasts… and the watery world, the sea, and all that
is therein: perhaps some respect may be had to the distinction of
worlds among the Jews; (See Gill on Hebrews 1:2), though the apostle
can scarce be thought to have any regard to their extravagant notions
of vast numbers of worlds being created: they often speak of three
hundred and ten worlds, in all which, they say, there are heavens,
earth, stars, planets… F6; and sometimes of eighteen thousand F7;
but these notions are rightly charged by Philo F8 with ignorance and
folly. However, as many worlds as there are, they are made "by the Word
of God"; by Christ, the essential Word of God, to whom the creation of
all things is ascribed in (John 1:1-3) . And this agrees with the
sentiments of the Jews, who ascribe the creation of all things to the
Word of God, as do the Targumists F9, and Philo the Jew F11. And these
are "framed" by the Word, in a very beautiful and convenient order; the
heavens before the earth; things less perfect, before those that were
more so in the visible world, or terraqueous globe; and things for men,
before men, for whom they were; and it is by divine revelation and
faith that men form right notions of the creation, and of the author of
it, and particularly of the origin of it, as follows:
so that things which are seen:
as the heaven, earth, and sea, and in
which the invisible things of God, the perfections of his nature, are
were not made of things which do appear;
they were not made from
pre-existent matter, but out of nothing, out of which the rude and
undigested chaos was formed; and from that invisible mass, covered with
darkness, were all visible things brought into a beautiful order; and
all from secret and hidden ideas in the divine minds; and this also is
the faith of the Jews, that the creation of all things is (Nyam) , "out of
nothing" F12. There seems to be an allusion to the word (arb) , used for
creation, which signifies to make appear a thing unseen; and is
rendered in the Septuagint version by (deiknumi) , (Numbers 16:30) and
(katadeiknumi) , (Isaiah 40:26) (41:20) to show, or make appear; and thus
God created, or made to appear, the heavens and earth, which before
were not in being, and unseen, (Genesis 1:1,2) and created to make, as in
(Genesis 2:3) that is, made them to appear, that he might put them into the
form and order they now are.
F6 Misn. Oketzim, c. 3. sect. 12. Targum Jon. in Exod. xxviii. 30.
Kettoreth Hassamim in Targum Jon. in Gen. fol. 4. 4. Lex. Cabel. p.
F7 T. Bab. Avoda Zara, fol. 3. 2. Yalkut, par. 2. fol. 50. 4.
F8 De Opificio, p. 39.
F9 Targum Oak. in Deut. xxxiii. 27. & Ben Uzziel in Isa. xlviii. 13.
F11 De Opificio, p. 4. & Leg. Alleg. l. 1. p. 44.
F12 Tzeror Hammor, fol. 1. 1. Kettoreth Hassamim in Targ. Jon in Gen.
fol. 5. 1, 2.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 11:3". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=heb&chapter=011&verse=003>. 1999.