The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleHosea 5:1
Hear ye this, O priests…
Though idolatrous ones, who
called themselves priests, and were reckoned so by others, though not
of the tribe of Levi, but such as Jeroboam had made priests, or were
their successors; and there might be some of the family of Aaron and
tribe of Levi, that might continue in the cities of Israel, and who
gave in to the idolatrous worship of those times. Some render it
"princes" F3 and the word signifies both:
and hearken, ye house of Israel;
not the kingdom of Judah, as Kimchi,
for this is manifestly distinguished from Israel in this chapter; nor
the sanhedrim, to which sense Aben Ezra seems to incline; but the ten
tribes, the whole kingdom of Israel, the common people in it:
and give ye ear, O house of the king;
of the king of Israel, who, at
this time, is thought to be Menahem; the royal family, the princes of
the blood, and all that belonged to the king's court; all of every
office, priestly or kingly, of every rank, high and low, are called
upon to hearken to what is about to be said, both concerning their sin
for judgment [is] toward you:
either to know and do that which is just
and right; it belonged to the priests to know and teeth divine
judgment, to instruct the people in the knowledge of the judgments,
statutes, and laws of God; and it belonged to, the king to execute
human judgment, to do justice and judgment according to the laws of
God, and of the realm; and it belonged to the people to attend to both:
so the Targum,
``does it not "belong" to you to know judgments?''
or rather this is to be understood of punitive justice and judgment, of
the sentence of condemnation, or denunciation of punishment for sin:
the reasons of which follow,
because ye have been a snare on Mizpah, and a net spread upon Tabor;
these were two high mountains in the land of Israel; the former was near
Hermon and Lebanon, and the same with Gilead, (Joshua 11:3) (Judges 11:29) ; the
latter was a mountain in Galilee, between Issachar and Zebulun, six miles
from Nazareth: it was, according to Joseph ben Gorion F4 almost four miles
high, had on the top of it a plain of almost three miles; the true Josephus
F5 says is was three and a quarter miles; (See Gill on 46:18); the
Jews F6 have a tradition, that Jeroboam set spies upon these mountains
at the time of the solemn feasts, to watch who went to them out of
Israel, and to inform against them; but these could not command all the
roads leading to Jerusalem. It may be these mountains were much infested
with hawkers and hunters, to which there may be an allusion; and the
sense be, ye priests, people, and king, are like to those that set
snares and nets on those hills, as they to ensnare and catch creatures,
so ye to ensnare and draw men into idolatrous practices; or rather,
since there is no note of comparison, the meaning is, that they set up
altars, and offered sacrifices on these hills, and thereby ensnared not
only those of their own tribes, but drew and enticed many of the tribes
of Judah and Benjamin to fall in with the same idolatrous practices.
F3 (Mynhkh) "significat sacerdotes et principes", vid. 2 Sam. viii.
18. "Sacerdotes ac domum regis", i.e. "regem cum principibus et
F4 Hist. Heb. l. 4. c. 25. p. 635.
F5 De Bello Jud. l. 4. c. 1. sect. 9.
F6 Jarchi ex Tanehuma, Abendana ex Midrash.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Hosea 5:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=ho&chapter=005&verse=001>. 1999.