The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleHosea 12:11
[Is there] iniquity [in] Gilead?
&c.] Idolatry there? strange
that there should be, seeing it was a city of the priests; a city of
refuge; or there is none there, say the priests, who pretended they did
not worship idols, but the true Jehovah in them: or, "is [there] not
iniquity", or idolatry, "in Gilead" F5? verily there is, let them
pretend to what they will: or, "is [there only] iniquity in it" F6? that
the men of it should be carried captive, as they were by TiglathPileser,
before the rest of the tribes; see (2 Kings 15:29) ; no, there is iniquity and
idolatry committed in other places, as well as there, who must expect to
share the same fate in time: or, "is Gilead Aven?" F7 that is,
Bethaven, the same with Bethel; it is as that, as guilty of idolatry as
Bethel, where one of the calves was set up:
surely they are vanity:
the inhabitants of Gilead, as well as of
Bethel, worshipping idols, which are most vain things, vanity itself,
and deceive those that serve them, and trust in them:
they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal:
to idols, as the Targum adds; and so
Jarchi and Kimchi; according to Aben Ezra, they sacrificed them to
Baal; this shows that Gilead was not the only place for idolatry, which
was on the other side Jordan, but Gilgal, which was on this side
Jordan, was also polluted with it. The Vulgate Latin version is,
``in Gilgal they were sacrificing to bullocks;''
to the calves there, the same as were at Dan and Bethel; so, in the
Septuagint version of (1 Kings 12:29) ; it was formerly read: and so Cyril
F8 quotes it, "[he] (Jeroboam) set the one (calf) in Gilgal, and the
other [in] Dan"; hence the fable that Epiphanius F9 makes mention of,
that, when Elisha was born, the golden ox or heifer at Gilgal bellowed
very loudly, and so loud as to be heard at Jerusalem. The Targum makes
mention of an idol temple here; and as it was near to Bethel, as appears
from (1 Samuel 10:3,8) ; and from Josephus F11; and so Jerom says F12, hard by
Bethel; some suspect another Gilgal; hence it might be put for it;
however, it was a place of like idolatrous worship; it is mentioned as
such along with Bethaven or Bethel, in (Hosea 4:15) ; see also (Hosea 9:15) ;
yea, their altars [are] as heaps in, the furrows of the fields;
only in the city of Gilgal, and in the temple there, as the Targum; but
even without the city, in the fields they set up altars, which looked
like heaps of stones; or they had a multitude of altars that stood as
thick as they. So the Targum,
``they have multiplied their altars, like heaps upon the
borders of the fields;''
and the Jewish commentators in general understand this as expressive of
the number of their altars, and of the increase of idolatrous worship;
but some interpret it of the destruction of their altars, which should
become heaps of stones and rubbish, like such as are in fields. These
words respect Ephraim or the ten tribes, in which these places were,
whose idolatry is again taken notice of, after gracious promises were
made to Judah. Some begin here a new sermon or discourse delivered to
F5 (Nwa delg Ma) "an [non in] Galaad iniquitas?" Vatablus.
F6 "En [in] Gileade [tantum] iniquitas?" Piscator.
F7 "Num Gilead Aven?" Schmidt.
F8 Apud Reland. Palestina Illustrata, tom. 2. l. 3. p. 783.
F9 De Vita & Interitu Prophet. c. 6. & Paschal. Chronic. p. 161. apud
F11 Antiqu. l. 6. c. 4. sect. 9.
F12 De locis Hebr. fol. 91. M.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Hosea 12:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=ho&chapter=012&verse=011>. 1999.