The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleIsaiah 19:4
And the Egyptians will I give over into the hands of a
Not of Sennacherib king of Assyria, which way go
many interpreters, both Christian and Jewish, as Aben Ezra, Jarchi, and
Kimchi; nor of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, as in (Jeremiah 46:25,26)
but either of the twelve tyrants that rose up after the death of Sethon
above mentioned; for the word is in the plural number, "lords", though
the adjective rendered "cruel" is singular; or else Psammiticus, the
father of Pharaohnecho, that slew Josiah; and who conquered the other
eleven tyrants, and ruled alone, for the space of fifty four years,
with great rigour; and the same is designed in the next clause:
and a fierce king shall rule over them;
it is reported of Psammiticus,
that he gave such offence to his subjects, that two hundred thousand of
his soldiers left him, and went into Ethiopia F1. Vitringa interprets
this of the Persian emperors, into whose hands Egypt fell, as Cambyses
and Ochus; and who, according to historians, were very cruel princes.
That there might be no doubt of the sure and certain accomplishment of
this prophecy, it is added,
saith the Lord, the Lord of hosts;
of the armies above and below;
and who does what he pleases among the kings and kingdoms of the earth.
F1 See Raleigh's History of the World, B. 2. c. 27. sect. 3. p. 357.