The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleIsaiah 40:12
Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand?
The following account of the power, wisdom, and all sufficiency of God,
and which is to be understood of Christ, is to show that he is equal to
the work of redemption and salvation he has engaged in, and was about to
come and perform, and that he is able to do it, as well as to execute
his office as a shepherd; and also to observe, that though his rich
grace and goodness he had condescended to take upon him the work of a
saviour, and the office of a shepherd, yet this was not to be
interpreted as if he had lost his dignity and glory as a divine Person,
or as if that was in the least diminished; for he was no other than that
infinite Being, "who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand";
the waters of the seas, for which he has provided a receptacle, where he
has collected and put them together; the dimensions of which are exactly
known to him, and the vast confluence of water is no more in his hands
than so much water as a man can hold in the hollow of his hand, in his
fist, or hand contracted:
and meted out heaven with the span;
which he has stretched out as a
curtain, (Isaiah 40:22) , and the measure of which is but one hand's breadth
with him; and is no more to him than stretching out a carpet or canopy;
and as easily measured by him as a piece of cloth is by a man with the
span of his hand, or any measuring rule or yard:
and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure;
the word F18 used
signifies the third part of some larger measure, as of a sextarius, as
some; or of an ephah, or bath as others; or of some other measure not
known; (See Gill on 80:5). The Vulgate Latin version renders it,
"with three fingers"; and the sense may be, that the dust of the earth,
or the earth itself, which is but dust, is no more with the Lord than
so much earth or dust as a man can hold between his thumb and two
fingers; and in like manner is the whole earth comprehended by the
and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance;
easily as a man can throw in his goods into a pair of scales, and take
the true weight of them, with equal ease did the Lord raise the
mountains and the hills in a proper proportion, and has so exactly
poised them, as if he had weighed them in a pair of scales; this seems
to hint at the use of mountains and hills to be a sort of ballast to
the earth, and shows the original formation of them from the beginning.
The answer to the above question is, that it was the same divine Person
of whom it is said, "behold your God, [and who should] come with a
strong hand, [and] feed his flock."
F18 (vlvb) "in mensura ternaria", Montanus; "trientali", Junius &
Tremellius, Piscator, Cocceius, Vitringa.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 40:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=isa&chapter=040&verse=012>. 1999.