The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleIsaiah 31:4
For thus hath the Lord spoken unto me…
Isaiah, who had heard and received what follows from the Lord, and
therefore it might be depended upon; and they are words of grace and
mercy, promising preservation and deliverance; and therefore it was a
foolish thing to send to Egypt for help:
Like as the lion, and the young lion roaring on his prey;
"muttering", or "growling over his prey" F18; for the lion roars when
he is hungry, and wants a prey, and not when he has got one; but when
he has one, and is tearing it in pieces, and feeding upon it, he makes
a lower noise, a growling one, especially when he apprehends anyone
near to disturb him:
when a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him;
fulness of shepherds" F19; the whole posse of them, all that are in the
towns and villages, or fields adjacent: who, when a lion has got a lamb
or sheep out of the flock, are alarmed and called together, to deliver
it, if possible, out of his hands; one not daring to venture, or being
not sufficient to disturb him, or drive him away: or, "when a multitude
of shepherds meet him" F20; with the prey in his jaws; or rather "call
to him", make a noise, in hopes to frighten him, and cause him to drop
his prey, that being all they can do, not daring to go near him; which
sense is confirmed by what follows:
[he] will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the
noise of them;
he will not leave and lose his prey, or flee from it
or them, for the yell and confused noise they make; nor move at all the
faster for them, not being in the least intimidated by them:
so shall the Lord of hosts come down to fight for Mount Zion, and
for the hill thereof;
that is, he shall come down from heaven by
his angel, or in the display of his mighty power, and fight against the
Assyrian army, in favour of his people, the inhabitants of Zion or
Jerusalem, and deliver them; and there will be no more withstanding
him, or putting him off from his purpose, or preventing his good
designs and resolutions, than the shepherds are able to divert a lion
from his prey. The simile is expressive of the power of God, and of his
certain accomplishment of his purposes and promises.
F18 (wprj le hghy) "ab" (hgh) , "mussitare."
F19 (Myewr alm) "plenitudo pastorum", Montanus, De Dieu, Cocceius. A
collection of them, as Ben Melech.
F20 (wyle arqy rva) "quando in occursum illius venit", Munster.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 31:4". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=isa&chapter=031&verse=004>. 1999.