The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleIsaiah 54:1
Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear…
interprets this of Jerusalem, paraphrasing the words thus,
``sing praise, O Jerusalem, which was as a barren woman that
and so the apostle applies the words of the text to the Jerusalem
above, the mother of us all, the then present Gospel church,
(Galatians 4:26,27) , which, at the first setting of it up, in the times of
Christ, during his life and at the time of his death, and before the day of
Pentecost, was like a barren woman; the number of converts were very
small; few believed the report of the Gospel, professed Christ, and
submitted to his ordinances; the names of the disciples were but a
hundred and twenty. Though some understand this of the Jewish church,
under the Old Testament dispensation, whose members were not many, and
whose proselytes from the Gentiles were but few; and others of the
Gentile world, before the coming of Christ, and the preaching of the
Gospel in it; but the former sense is to be preferred, having the
suffrage of the apostle:
break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail
among whom there were few instances of conversion, scarce
any begotten and born again of incorruptible seed by the word of God,
and no signs thereof; but now it being otherwise, and multitudes being
converted both in Judea and in the Gentile world, the church and its
members are called upon to express their joy aloud in songs of praise,
setting forth the glory of efficacious grace, in the regeneration of
men; for as this is matter of joy to the angels of heaven, so to the
saints on earth:
for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the
married wife, saith the Lord;
more souls were born again, and added to
the church after the death of Christ, when she was in a desolate
condition, like a woman deprived of her husband, and in a widowhood
state, then there were while Christ was here on earth, personally
present with his people, and preaching the Gospel himself unto men;
three thousand were converted under one sermon, and great numbers
afterwards were added, so that the church at Jerusalem was in a much
more flourishing condition after the death of Christ than before; more
fruitful when it was become like a widow than when the bridegroom was
with her; and the church of Christ still increased yet more and more
afterwards, as the following verses predict. The Targum is,
``more shall be the children of Jerusalem than the children of
the habitable city.''
The edition of it, in the king of Spain's Bible, has it,
``than the children of Rome;''
and so it is quoted by R. Elias F8, and by Buxtorf F9. The Jews
understand this prophecy of their deliverance from their present
condition by the Messiah; and of the rebuilding of Jerusalem, and the
prosperity of it.
F8 In Tishbi, p. 227.
F9 Lexic. Talmud. col. 996, 2229.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 54:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=isa&chapter=054&verse=001>. 1999.