The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJeremiah 23:10
For the land is full of adulterers…
Of such as were
guilty of corporeal adultery, and of spiritual adultery, which is
idolatry. Now, though in this, and in the following verses, the prophet
describes the men of his generation, both ecclesiastics and laics; yet
also so as to have regard to the Jews in the times of Christ, to which
this prophecy has respect; between whom there was a great resemblance;
adulteries were so frequent in Christ's time, that the Jews left off
the use of the bitter waters F14; and our Lord sometimes calls the
generation in which he lived an adulterous one, (Matthew 12:39) (16:4) ;
for because of swearing the land mourneth;
because of false swearing
and cursing; because of the oaths and imprecations of men; or because
of the curse of God, for the sins of men, the land was desert or
desolate, as the Targum; it became barren and unfruitful, the land of
Judea; just as the earth was cursed for the sin of man originally;
though it seems rather to signify perjury or false swearing, which, and
adultery, were the reigning vices of the age; see (Matthew 5:33-37) ;
the pleasant places of the wilderness are dried up;
or the pastures of
the wilderness, where cattle used to feed, were dried up for want of
rain, and so were unfruitful, and produced no grass for the beasts of
and yet their course is evil;
the course of their ministry or
prophesying was bad; and the course of their lives and conversations was
one continued series of iniquity; the race they ran, both prophet and
people, was a wicked one; they ran and made haste to commit sin; though
a professing people, their conversation was according to "the course of
this world", (Ephesians 2:2) ; and not according to the rule of God's word:
and their force [is] not right;
or, "is not so" F15; as it ought to be,
or employed in the manner it should: the power and authority of the
prophets over the people was not used, as it might have been, for the
preserving of the people from sin; nor their courage and valour shown
for truth, as it ought to have been; and they used their power to hurt
and oppress, and not to relieve and help: so the Pharisees in Christ's
time laid heavy burdens on others, but would not move them themselves;
and, through a pretence of devotion, devoured widows' houses,
(Matthew 23:4,14) . So some render the words here, "and their violence is
not right" F16; their rapine and oppression were very unjust; so that,
besides adultery and swearing, they are charged with violence in
particular, and with a wicked course of life in general.
F14 Misn. Sota, c. 9. sect. 9.
F15 (Nk al) "non sic", Montanus; "dissimilis", V. L.
F16 (Mtrwbg) "violentia eorum". So the margin of our Bible.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:10". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=jer&chapter=023&verse=010>. 1999.