The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJeremiah 49:4
Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys…
Of which there
were many in the country of Ammon, fruitful and well watered, which
were situated by the rivers of Arnon and Jabbok, the borders of this
country, and in which was the plain of the vineyards; see
(Judges 11:13,33) ; and indeed the whole country was a vale. For, as
Josephus F3 says, the country both of the Moabites and Ammonites were
in the valley of Syria, or Coelesyria; that is, hollow Syria, so called
from its lying low, or in a valley; for this country lay between the
mountains Libanus and Antilibanus, as Strabo F4 says, and brought
forth a large increase; in this they gloried, in the produce of these
valleys, in the grass, corn, and vines, that grew upon them, and the
flocks that fed there; but now should have no occasion to glory, all
being swept away by the enemy:
thy flowing valley,
or, "thy valley flows" F5; is overflowed with
water, through abundance of rain, which destroyed the fruits of it, so
Jarchi; or rather flowed with the blood of the slain, as Kimchi, Ben
Melech, and Abarbinel; the enemy having entered it, and made so great a
slaughter of men in it:
O backsliding daughter?
the Targum is, O foolish kingdom; the whole
kingdom of Ammon is meant, or the people of it; who, descending from
righteous Lot, may be called backsliders; and, being also idolaters,
have this character; for such revolt from the true God, to worship
idols: it may be rendered, "refractory", "rebellious" F6; as all such
that trusteth in her treasures, [saying], who shall come unto me?
dwelling in valleys encompassed with mountains, and in fortified
cities, and abounding in wealth and riches, whereby they were able to
procure men and arms to defend themselves; thought they were safe from
any enemy, and that none could come nigh them, and so dwelt at ease,
and in great security.
F3 Ibid. (Antiqu.) l. 1. c. 11. sect. 5.
F4 Geograph. l. 16. p. 519, 520.
F5 (Kqme bz) "defluxit vallis tua", V. L. Schmidt; "fluxit", Pagninus,
Montanus; "fluit", Cocceius.
F6 (hbbwvh tbh) "O filia pervesa", Schmidt; "pervicax" vel
"temeraria", Grotius; "rebellis", Pagninus, Calvin; "refractaria",
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 49:4". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=jer&chapter=049&verse=004>. 1999.