The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJeremiah 49:19
Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of
The Targum rightly interprets it of a king and his army,
paraphrasing the words thus,
``behold, a king with his army shall come up against them, as a
lion comes up from the height of Jordan;''
not the king of Edom that should come up against Judea, or to defend
himself against those that invaded him; but Nebuchadnezzar and his army
that should come up against the Edomites from the land of Judea, where
Jordan was, having first subdued that; or should come with that
strength, fury, and fierceness, as a lion when forced out of its covert
near the river Jordan, by the overflowing of its banks, and obliged to
betake himself to higher grounds; who, being enraged, roars and tears
in pieces all in his way. Monsieur Thevenot F23 says, that Jordan is
beset on both sides with little, thick, and pleasant woods; and Mr.
Maundrell F24 observes, that
``there is a first and outermost bank to the river, about a
furlong, upon a level, before you come to the second bank, to
which it may be supposed the river did, and still does,
overflow; and the second bank is so beset with bushes and
trees, such as tamarisk, willows, and oleanders… that you
can see no water till you have made your way through them. In
this thicket anciently (and the same is reported of at this
day) several sorts of wild beasts were wont to harbour
themselves, whose being washed out of the covert, by the
over flowings of the river, gave occasion to the allusion,
(Jeremiah 49:19) .''
So Jerom F25 speaks of lions, in his time, taking up their abode by the
river Jordan, near which were desert places, reeds, and sedges:
against the habitation of the strong;
the land of Edom, a country well
fortified, in which mighty men dwelt; particularly Mount Seir, where
their king was, and which was "the fold of the mighty"; either of the
mighty shepherd, as it may be rendered F26; or of the strong place F1;
but what is this to a lion?
but I will make him suddenly run away from her;
that is, either the
mighty shepherd, the king of Edom, from his fold, upon the approach of
the lion, the king of Babylon; or else, as it may be rendered, "and I
will cause him to run upon it F2 suddenly": that is, cause the king of
Babylon to come speedily into the land of Edom, and seize upon it,
overrun it, prevail over it, and be master of it, as Jarchi interprets
and who [is] a chosen [man that] I may appoint over her?
person in Nebuchadnezzar's army, fit to be made a deputy governor over
the land of Edom:
for who [is] like me?
for wisdom and power; able to do whatever I
please, and to furnish those with proper abilities to perform and
accomplish whatever I give them in charge and commission to do:
and who will appoint me the time?
set a time to dispute the matter with
me, or engage in war against me?
and who [is] that shepherd that will stand before me?
or king, as the
Targum and Ben Melech; any king, prince, or potentate, who, both in
Scripture and in other writings, are often called shepherds; the king
of Edom is particularly pointed at, whose habitation or fold is before
observed: alas! what could such a shepherd do? or how could he stand
before the almighty God, or any lion he should send?
F23 Travels, par. 1. B. 2. ch. 41. p. 193.
F24 Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem, p. 82. Ed. 7.
F25 Comment. in Zech. xi. 3.
F26 (Ntya hwn la) "ad caulam fortis", i.e. "pastoris validi et fortis",
F1 "Sub. loci robusti", Vatablus; so Ben Melech.
F2 (hylem wnuyra heygra yk) "nam momento currere faciam cum
(nempe Nebuchadanosarem) supra eam", De Dieu, Gataker.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 49:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=jer&chapter=049&verse=019>. 1999.