The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJeremiah 17:13
O Lord, the Hope of Israel…
Of all true Israelites; such
as are regenerate persons, and true believers in him; Christ is the
author and giver of that hope that is in them; the door of it unto
them; the object on which it is exercised; the ground and foundation of
it, or what gives encouragement to it; and the person they are hoping
for; Old Testament saints hoped, waited for, and expected his first
coming; and New Testament saints are hoping for his second coming, and
to be for ever with him F23:
all that forsake thee shall be ashamed;
who forsake him as the Hope of
Israel, and place their hope elsewhere; in the creature, in themselves,
in their riches, in their righteousness, and profession of religion;
such shall be ashamed of their vain hope; whereas a true hope, a hope
upon the right object, on Christ the Hope of Israel, makes not ashamed;
nor shall the man that has it be ashamed of that. The Targum
``all who forsake thy worship shall be ashamed;''
for they forsake their own mercies, who forsake the house and
ordinances of God, and the assembling of themselves together:
and they that depart from me;
the prophet; refusing to hear the word of
the Lord by him, which was all one as departing from the Lord. Some
render it, "from thee", as the Vulgate Latin and Arabic versions; and
so the Targum,
``and the ungodly that transgress thy word;''
whose heart departed from the Lord, as in Jer 17:1
their show of devotion and religion. Some render the words, "that are
chastised by me"; but repent not, and are not reformed thereby; reading
not (yrwow) , as the Masorites direct, and we, and many others, follow;
but according to the letters, and retaining them, (yrwoy) F24:
shall be written in the earth;
have a name among earthly and carnal
men, and be called so, being sensual and carnal, and minding nothing
but earth and earthly things; and shall not be written among the living
in Jerusalem, or have a name and a place among spiritual men: or they
shall be of a short continuance; their memory shall rot; their names be
put out for ever; and their memorial perish with them; for things
written in the dust do not continue, but are presently destroyed by a
puff of wind, or by the treading of the foot upon them; or they shall
die, and return to the earth, and be laid in the grave, as Jarchi and
Kimchi interpret it; or shall perish eternally, die the second death,
being not written in the Lamb's book of life. The Targum is,
``into hell shall they fall.''
The phrase is opposed to a being written, or having names written in
heaven, (Luke 10:20) (Hebrews 12:22) ; which is the same as to be written in the
book of life, or to be ordained unto eternal life, (Philippians 4:3) (Acts 13:48) ;
and what is the case of such who are not written in heaven, but in
earth, may be seen in (Revelation 20:15) (21:27) ;
because they have forsaken the Lord, the fountain of living waters;
(See Gill on 2:13).
F23 (hwqm) , the word here used, sometimes signifies a confluence or
collection of waters, as in (Genesis 1:10) and elsewhere, a place to
bathe in; hence Fortunatus Scacchus, in Sacror. Eleaochr. Myrothec.
l. 1. c. 23. col. 159. renders it here, "the bath of Israel", the
Lord, the Lord Jesus Christ, whose blood is a fountain opened, in
which sinners wash, and are cleansed from their sins, Zech. xiii.
1. and this agrees with the latter part of the verse, where the
Lord is called "the fountain of living water"; so De Dieu, on ch.
xiv. 8, observes, the word is so used in Exod. vii. 21. and so R.
Akiba interprets the words, saying,
``what is "the meaning of (hwqm) ? it is that which
cleanses the unclean; even so God cleanses Israel;''
and it is, adds De Dieu, as if you were to call God the pool of
Israel, or a confluence of waters where Israel may be washed from
F24 "Castigati a me", Schmidt; so Stockius, p. 455, 725, Junius &
Tremellius follow the same reading, only they render the words, not
so properly, "castigationes meae".
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 17:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=jer&chapter=017&verse=013>. 1999.