The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJeremiah 50:42
They shall hold the bow and the lance…
Or "spear". The
Targum interprets it, "shields"; as many in Cyrus's army had F20; the
one an offensive, the other a defensive weapon; or, if bow and lance,
the one is used at a distance, the other when near. The Medes and
Persians were well skilled in handling the bow, as once and again
observed: this very properly describes the armour of the Persians;
which were, as Herodotus F21 says, large bows and short spears; and
Xenophon F23 observes, that, besides bows and arrows, they had two
javelins or lances, one of which they cast, and the other they held and
used in their hands, as they found necessary; and so Cyrus F24, in a
speech of his, says that they had breast plates to cover their bodies,
and lances or javelins which they could use by throwing or holding, as
they [are] cruel, and will not show mercy:
not even to infants, but
dash them against the stones, (Psalms 137:8,9) ; see (Isaiah 13:17,18) ; and
(See Gill on 13:17) and
(See Gill on 13:18); hence "horribilis Medus", in Horace F25:
their voice shall roar like the sea;
when there is a tempest on it.
This does not design the shout of the soldiers, when beginning the
onset in battle, or making an attack upon a city besieged; but the
noise of their march, their foot, and horse, and chariots, and the
clashing of their army; all which, by reason of their numbers, would be
very clamorous and terrible:
and they shall ride upon horses;
the Persians had a large cavalry,
their country abounding in horses:
[everyone] put in array like a man to the battle, against thee, O
daughter of Babylon;
furnished with armour, and put in a proper
disposition, all in rank and file, well accoutred, and full of spirit,
prepared to engage in battle, with you, O ye inhabitants of Babylon.
F20 Cyropaedia, l. 5. c. 15.
F21 Terpsichore, sive l. 5. c. 49. & Polymnia, sive l. 7. c. 61.
F23 Cyropaedia, l. 1. c. 5.
F24 Ibid. l. 4. c. 16.
F25 Carmin. l. 1. Ode 29.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 50:42". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=jer&chapter=050&verse=042>. 1999.