The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJob 4:11
The old lion perisheth for lack of prey…
Or rather "the
stout" and "strong lion" F5, that is most able to take the prey, and
most skilful at it, yet such shall perish for want of it; not so much
for want of finding it, or of power to seize it, as of keeping it when
got, it being taken away from him; signifying, that God oftentimes in
his providence takes away from cruel oppressors what they have got by
oppression, and so they are brought into starving and famishing
circumstances. The Septuagint render the word by "myrmecoleon", or the
"ant lion", which Isidore F6 thus describes;
``it is a little animal, very troublesome to ants, which hides
itself in the dust, and kills the ants as they carry their
corn; hence it is called both a lion and an ant, because to
other animals is as an ant, and to the ants as a lion,''
and therefore cannot be the lion here spoken of; though Strabo F7 and
Aelianus F8 speak of lions in Arabia and Babylon called ants, which
seem to be a species of lions, and being in those countries, might be
known to Eliphaz. Megasthenes F9 speaks of ants in India as big as
foxes, of great swiftness, and get their living by hunting:
and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad;
or "the whelps of the
lioness" F11, these are scattered from the lion and lioness, and from
one another, to seek for food, but in vain; the Targum applies this to
Ishmael, and his posterity; Jarchi, and others, to the builders of
Babel, said to be scattered, (Genesis 11:8) ; rather reference may be had to
the giants, the men of the old world, who filled the earth with
violence, which was the cause of the flood being brought upon the world
of the ungodly. Some think that Eliphaz has a regard to Job in all
this, and that by the "fierce lion" he designs and describes Job as an
oppressor and tyrant, and by the "lioness" his wife, and by the "young
lions" and "lion's whelps" his children; and indeed, though he may not
directly design him, yet he may obliquely point at him, and suggest
that he was like to the men he had in view, and compares to these
creatures, and therefore his calamities righteously came upon him.
F5 (vyl) "leo major", Pagninus, Montanus, Mercerus, Schmidt; "leo
strenuns et fortis", Michaelis; "robustior leo", Schultens.
F6 Origin. l. 12. c. 3.
F7 Geograph. l. 16. p. 533.
F8 De Animal. l. 7. c. 47. & l. 17. c. 42.
F9 Apud Strabo, l. 15. p. 485.
F11 (aybl ynb) "filii leaenae", Bochart, Schultens.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 4:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=job&chapter=004&verse=011>. 1999.